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Full text of "My i Oni"

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IIPEflHOJXOBIE. 

Ha3Bame 9Toro c6opmiKa flocTaTorao onpejvfe- 
jiaeTL cofioio, KaaceTca mit£, tj t u^jib, pa#H koto- 
poft a H3,n;aio pl^H, npoH3HeceHHBia mhoio Ha Ha- 
meirb nocjrfeflHeMfc CBfefli: mh* xo^eTca ^aTL *ih- 
TaTejiio MaTepiajrL ^Jia BuacHema pa3HHn,u aceacjiy 
B3rjiaflaMH TaicB HastiBaeMBixt 6oAbiueeuK<m, cb. 
o^Hoft CTopoHH, a xaKt HasBiBaeMHX'B Mcnbuiemi- w 
#003 ~cb ffpyroft. 3Ta pasHHija mrkerb jramB koc- 
seHHoe oraoineHie kt> rfeM'B npHHijHniajiBHBiarB pa3- 
HorjiaciaMt, kotopbimh BBi3HBaR)Tca cnopu Me^y 

MapKCHCTaMH H peBH3iOHHCTaMH. HaiHH ((MeHLHie- 
BHKH», KOTOpHX'L HHiie— MaJIO BflyaPfflBBie MH He 

Bnojnr& 6e3npncTpacTHBie — ny 6 jihijhctbi ynoflofi- 

JlfllOTB nOflqaCt ((peBHSiOHHCTaMTb)), Bt fltftCTBH- 
TeJIBHOCTH OTHOCHTCa Kb «peBH3iOHH3My» CB TO- 

pasflo fiojrfee hojihhm'b GTpHn.ameM'B, Heacejin «6ohb- 
meBHKH». Mo3kho CKa3aTB flaace, hh Majio He rpt- 
ina npoTHB'B hcthhbi, wro Meatfly «6oJiBmeBHKaMH)> 
BCTptqaeTca ropa3.no 6oJiBnie Jiiofleft, TaKT> hjih 
HHaqe ckjiohhbix'b ktb «peBH3ioHH3My», HeacejiH 
neaefly «MeHBiiieBHKaMH». Bot-b apitift npHMfepfc: 
nocKOJiBKy nncaTejiH hs-b aarepa «6ojiBiiieBHKOB'B)> 

KacaJIHCB $HJIOCO$CKHX'B TeMB, HOCTOJIBKy BCfe OHH 

4)Ka3BiBajiHCB npomuenuKciMU MamepiajiucmunecKOu 
<pujiococfiiii ocnoeamejieu nayunaio coiwmmmci. B^ 



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CBoeMT* oTpimaTejiBHOMt oTHomeHm Kt MaTepia- 
juimy MapKca h 9HrejiBca 9th nncaTejiH bhojih* 

CXOflHTCa, HanpHM'fep'B, CT> «peBH3i0HHCT0MT>» KOH- 
pa^OITB HImH.HTOM'B, Ob KOTOpHITB H KOiyia-TO BQJTB 

$HJioco$CKyio nojieMHKy Ha CTpaHHn,axfc «Neue 
Zeit». IIpaB^a, ohh He ofloeparorb KaHTiaHCKoft 
to^ikh 3p*Hia KoHpa^a HlMH^Ta. Ho, bo nepBHX'B, 
(inepecMompz)) (Revision) y^ema MapKca He nepe- 
CTaeTB 6htb nepecMompoMt ott> Toro, too ero ft*- 
laiorb He bo huh Kama, a bo hma Maxa mia 
ABeHapiyca. Bo btophxt,, Teopia Maxa hjih Ase- 
sapiyca coBcfeirb He TaKt ^ae^a KaHriaHCTBa, pri. 
3to Moryrc* flyMaTB jijo%&> He 3HaK0Mtie cb hcto- 

pieft $HJIOCO$CKHXX Hfleft. Bl> $HJIOCO$CKOM r b OTHO- 

nieniH TeopeTHKH Hamero «6ojiBmeBH3Ma)> HBJiaioTea, 

H09T0My, CaMHMH HeCOMH*HHHMH peBH3iOHHCTaMH* 

H Bce-TaKH Heofixo^MO npH3HaTB, tito HamE 
cnopti cb hhmh Be^yTca bi> coBepnieHHO Rpyroft 

HJIOCKOCTH, HeHtejIH !*, KOTOptie HpOHCXO,HHJIH H 

npoHCxofl,aTi» Mea^y MapKCHCTaMH h peBH3ioHHCTaMK 
sanajjHBixfc CTpaHi>. 

TaKTH^ecKie B3rjra,pa Hamnxt «6ojH>nieBH- 

KOB'L)), — a HH CHOpHM'B Cfc HHMH TJiaBHHM'B 06pa- 

sowl OTaKTHKt, — Tairb me Maio hoxoskh Ha Bsraa^Bi 

Sana^pHXT* peBH3i0HHCT0B'B, KaKl> H Ha B8TXHJQ& 

MapKCHCTOBt. Ohh HanoMHHaioTX cofioio CKopie 
B3rjiafl;H BjiaHKH hjih BaKyHHHa m ero CjiHacaft- 
mnxt nocji-feflOBaTejieft. $L 3Haio, ^to Tanoe yno- 
j,o6jieHie KameTca «6oj[BmeBHKaM'B» hotth yMu- 
viMHHoti HecnpaBe^HBOCTLK); ho a fl-fejiaio ero cn> 
caMHMx cepBe3HHMi» y6iac,a,eHieirB h hh Maao He 
yBJieKaacB npn btomt* nojieMH i iecKHM , B sa^opoMt^ 



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TaKTHKa nanraxB «6ojn>meBHKOBB)) bb caMOMt 
.^fejrfe He HMteTt mraero o6m,aro ^aace cb anepe- 
CMomprmnuMd)) m MapKCH3M0Mt, h KOiyja hmb yKa- 

3bIBaK)Tfc Ha 3T0, OHH HanpaCHO OfiHEtaiOTCfl. Ho 
HOBOfly Hey.HOBOJIBCTBifl, BH3BaHHarO B?> H3B"feCTH0ft 

-cpefl,* «Peeu3<ypoMZ)), ForojiB HanoMHHajiB Kor^a-To 
<cbohmb npoTHBHHKaMt Hapo^HyK) noroBopity: Heiero 
Ha 3epKajio neHATB, Korjja h t. J. H 3Ty ace 
noroBopKy a no3BOJiio ceSt HanoMHHTb cbohmt> 
npoTHBHHKaM'B H3B « 6ojiLHieBHCTCKaro » aarepa. 

Bb qear& 3aKJiK)*iaeTca cxo^ctbo Meat^y TaK- 
THKoft HainnxB «6ojiBineBHKOBB» h npo^nxB pe- 
&owo^\QB8$om>-ymoniicmoez? A botb bb neMB. 

KaK'B a CKa3ajn> b*b pimn, npoH3Hecemioft mhoio 
bx IB-mi* 3aa6,a,aHiH CBi^a, Hanra CojiBineBHKH 
^feiaioT'B TaKTH^ecKyio ohih6kj t , ToatflecTBeHHyio cb 
jrorn^ecKoft oiira6Koft, Ha3HBaeM0ft petitio principii. 
Ohh CTHTaiOTB yo/ce docmutuymou Hapo,u;oMB Ty ctj t - 
neHB peBOJnou,ioHHaro co3HaHia, Ha KOTopyio ero eiu,e 
nado nodnnmb cb noMOin,Bio erocoCcTBeHHaronoJiHTH- 
^ecKaro onu^a. Ho 3to KaK'B pas'B Ta caaiaa onraSKa, 

KOTOpyK) HeH3M*HH0 COBepUiaJIH BB CBOHXB TaKTHqe- 

•€khx'b pa3OTeTaxB bc6 peeojimrionepu-ymonucmu h 
KOTopyio #0 chxb nopB 6e3npec/raHH0 noBTopaiOTB 
HBiH^mme ^eKa^eHTH yTonH3Ma — ampxucmu. To- 
BapHm^ KapjiB JlnfiKHexTB bb CBoeft HHfepecHOft 
itHHFfe ((Militarismus und Antiinilitarisinus)) cnpa- 
Be^JiHBO roBopHTB o6b aHapxHiecKHX'B ((BHCTynjie- 
Hiaxi»)): «KoHe*rao, bb xo^t pa3BHTia KjiaccoBoft 
-6opb6h MoaceTB HacTynHTB TaKoe BpeMa, Kor#a 
cnoco6i> ^McTBitt, peKOMeHflyeMtifi: aHapxncTaMH, 
K>KaaceTca b03M03khbimb h npaBHJiBHtiMB. Ho ouinSKa 



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— 6 — 

aHapxH3Ma 3aKJiK)^aeTCH He bb a6cojiK)THoft ? a bt» 
OTHOCHTejiLHoft HenpHJiosKHMOCTH nponaraH^Hpy eMaro 

HML CH0C06a # r feftCTBift, B'B TOft OTHOCHTeJIBHOft 

HenpHMtHHMOCTH, KOTOpafl 06yCJI0BJIHBaeTCH HTHO- 
pHpOBaHieMB flaHHBIX'B OfimeCTBeHHHXB COOTHOHie- 

Hift chjih, npn wwb sto HrHopnpoBaHie bt> cboh> 
o^epe^B nopoacflaeTca OTcyTCTBieMi, noHHMairifl hcto- 
pn^ecKoft h o6m;ecTBeHHoft mmuu. H scjih njiaHBi 
aHapxH3Ma Ha Sojrfee no3,nHeft CTajjiH pa3BHTia OKa- 

myTCfl OCymeCTBHMHMH H npaBHJIBHBIMH, TO STHM'B 

BOBce He onpaBflHBaeTcn, a, HanpoTHBT,, ocyamaeTCH 
aHapxH^ecKaa r raKTHKa». (Ctp. 111). 9to He B's 
6poBB, a bb r;ia3B HamHMB «6ojn>nieBHKaMB)>. Ca 
BpeMeHeMB, Koiyja nojiHTHqecKoe BoenHTame Hamera 
Hapofla 6yp£Yb sammem, hxb TaKTHKa MoaceTB, 
noacajiyft, 0Ka3aTBca npHMtaHMoft h njioflOTBopHoft. 
Ho b'b stomt* 3aKJiionaeTca He onpaB^ame 3Tofi 
TaKTHKH, a HMeHHO ea ocyaKfleme: ecjin OHa mo- 
aceTB 6htb xopoma mojiwo moida, Kor.ua yotce 3a- 
kohihtch nojiHTH^ecKoe BoenHTame Hapo,u;a 3 to 
hchOj ^to ue om SyfleTi) cnoco6cTBOBaTB 3T0My 
BocnHTamio; a Mem^y tSmb bb HeMB to h co- 
ctohtb BaattrkftHiaa nojiHTHqecKaa 3a,n,ana Hamera 
BpeMeHH. KapjiB JTHfiKHexTB npnSaBJiHeTB sajrfee, 
mto 3a aHapxnqecKOft TaKTHKoit Haflo npH3HaTB, no 
KpaftHefi Mipi, sac^yiy nouima. SI chjibho comhIs- 
BaiocB b'b dtomb: cjihaikomb yace BejiHKO Hepa3y- 

Mie 9T0fi TaKTHKH. Ho KaKB 6bi TaikTB HH 6bijio, a 
yate COBCiiMB HeCOMHiHHO TO, ^TO TaKTHKa Ha- 
H1HXB «60JIBnieBHK0BB)) HJIOXa UM6HU0 6Z CMUCATty 

noHuna. sacayraxT) no^,o6Haro po,n,a Ha,n,o cy^HTt^ 
coo6pamaacB cb oficToaTejiBCTBaMH BpeMeHH h Mi- 



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— 7 — 

CTa. A 3TH 06CT0flTe.TLCTBa BT> TepMaHiH COBCtM'B 

He TaKOBH, KaK'B Bt Poccin. Momen, 6htb, bt> 
TepMaHiH, iytfk aHapxHSMT> HHKor^a He 6hjtb ro- 
cno f a,CTByioni 1 HM'B TeqemeMt, TaKTHKa aHapxHCTOBi, 
Bt caMOMi) ^a* cnoco6Ha npnBecTH HHOiyja Toro 
hjih .npyroro con,iaji^eMOKpaTa kb mhcjih o Ttxt 
meuxz npieMaxTb 6opL6u, KOTopne no,n,cKa3HBaiOTca 

HOBBIMH yCJIOBiflMH 3KH3HH. He to y Haa&. Ho 

BceMy CBoeMy ^yxy TaKTHKa Haiirax'B «6ojiBnieBH- 
kobt>» npe^CTaBJiaeT'B coSoio BosBpaT'b kb t^wl 
npHBH^KaMi* nojiHTHqecKoft mhcjih, KOTopHfl enje 
He^aBHo 6e3pa3;rfejiBHO rocnoflCTBOBajra b'b Hanieft 
peBOJnon,ioHHofi cpe^t h kotophh #0 chxtb nopt 
npeofijia^aioTL Meatfly «coitfajiHCTaMH-peBOJiK)n l ioHe- 
paMH)). OHa ne podurm nmeio noeaio — 3a hckjiio- 
qeHieMt pa3Bl5 aHapxo-CHH^,HKajiH3Ma — a tojibko 
eoenpeiuaeim cmapoe, KOTopoe cobc , 6m'b H33KHJIO cefia 
h otb KOToparo HaniHM'B peBOJUou,ioHepaMT> ftaBHO 
nopa 0TKa3aTLCH Bt HHTepecaxt CBoero flfejia. 
Bott> noseMy noflnepatHBaTB TaKTHKy «6ojib- 

meBHROBTb)) B'B ymepfil, TaKTHK* ((MeHLHieBHKOB'B)) 

— SHawra no^nepacHBaTB yTonH3Mt Ha meTb MapK- 

CH3Ma. 

Bo3BMHTe ? xoth 6h, «mhcjib)) TOBapHiu,a IleTpa 

AJI. — BI> ((CSopHUKTb nepdOMZ)) — OfitHBHTB HCnOJI- 

HHTeJiBHHM'B KOMHTeTOMi> Hamy ,o;yMCKyio jrfeByio. 
B'B 16-Mt 3acfeflamH CBl^a a oS'bhbhji'b 3Ty 

MHCJIB OflHHM'B H3Tb CaMLIXt HpKHXfc 06pa3*ffiK0B1> 

«6ojiBHieBHCTCKaro)) HenoHHMaHia n^jia. 

Bx 3am;HTy TOBapHnja IleTpa Aji. TOBapHmi> 
II. Aji. KpHKHyji'b mh* — KaKt a ysHajra no- 

TOM'B OTB T. MapTOBa— ^TO a He B^pHO UJSTEr 



bigitized by GoOgle 



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— 8 — 
pyH). C'B (J)OpMaJIBHOft CTOpOHEI 3T0 6hjio, noaca- 

jiyft, TaKi». Bi> u,HTaTy, cfltjiaHHyK) mhoio Ha na- 

MHTB, 3aKpaJiaCB H*KOTOpafl HeTO^IHOCTB. IleTp'B 

Aji. hm , 6ji , b b^ BHfl;y, KaicB h 3to HanncajrB TenepB 
irfecKOJiBKHMH CTpoKaMH BBime, em Haniy pju- 
cKyio jimyio, a h CKasajnb bt> CBoeft p**ra, to* 
BHmeyKa3aHHaa mbicjib peKOMeH^OBajiacB imb co6- 
CTBeHHO Hanieft coi;iaji#eMOKpaTiraecKoft $paKU,iH. 
Ho Bi^B 3Ta o6MOJiBKa mraero, poeuexoHmo nu- 
neto He H3M*HaeTi>: ((mucmv TOBapniija HeTpa 
Aji. ocTaeTca Hejiinoft coBciacB He3aBHCHM0 ot*b 
Toro, KOMy HMeHHo ohb peKOMeH^OBaji'B ee: o^Hoft 
jih Hanieft $paKu,in, HJiH-3Ke Bceft ^yMCKoft jrfcBoft. 
Hejrfenoft OHa flOJiacHa 6bitb npH3HaHa HMeHHo no- 

TOMy, ^TO OHa — KaK'B TOBOpHTT) KapjTB JlHSKHeXTB 

061* auapxtmecmu TaKTHKi — HrHopHpoBa.ua flaH- 
hhh o6m;ecTBeHHHfl cooTHOHiemH chjibi h CBHjvfe- 
TejiBCTBOBajia nojnrfeftnieM'B, H3yMHTejiBH , feftmeM'B 
HenoHHMaHiH Haniero Torflannraro nojioaeema. H 
saM^TBTe: HejiinocTB «mbicjih)> TOBapniija HeTpa 
Aji. 3aKJiioqaeTCH— oiihtb, KaK'B y aHapxncTOB'B, — 
He bt> ea a6coJiH)THoft, a b'b ea oTHOCHTejiBHoft 
HenpHM'feHHMOCTH. B'B Sy^yrnearB MoaceTT, HacTy- 
nnTB TaKoe BpeMn, Koiyja OKaaceTCH bosmojkhbim'b, 
nojiesHHM'B h HyacHBiM'B «BBiCTynjieHie» B'B po^*fe 
Toro, KOTopoe peKOMeH^OBajTB, bt> Haqajrfc 1907 
ro,n;a, BHHMaHiio ^yMCKoft jrfeBoft TOBapnm'B HeTpi. 
Aji. *). Ho — tojibko bt> 6ydyuwMZ. H HMeHHo no- 

*) 9L roBopio: „ez podtb moio, Komopoe" h npon., 
noTOMy hto MH'fe Bce-TaKH ocTaeTCH coBepuieHHo Heno- 

HHTHLIMB, npH HeMT> TyTB „HCnOJIHHTeJIbHfalii KOMH- 

TeTTa". Hajjo nojiaraTb, hto, bt> KanecTB'k KpafiHaro 



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— 9 — 

9T0My «TaKTHKa» tob. IleTpa Ajl, npeflnojiaraio- 
maa c.H'fejiaHHLiMi) to, tto enje HyacHO c^tjiaTB, 
flOJDKHa 6bitb b^ HacTomn;ee BpeMH pinraTejiBiio 
ocyaefleHa bc*mh tSmh, KOTopne xotht* CBoeft no- 

JIHTH^eCKOft fffeflTeaBHOCTBK) CHOCOSCTBOBaTB CK#- 

ptftnieMy HacTymieHiio TaKoro fiynynjaro. 

B'B HacTOHm;ee BpeaiH «TaKTHKa» tob. IleTpa 

Ajl. M03KeTL BCTp^THTL CO^yBCTBie TOJIBKO CO CTO- 

Pohbi Jiio^eft, nHTaiom.HX'b to OTpa^poe, xoth a 
Majio ocHOBaTejiLHoe y6fo*yi;eHie ? too pyccKift Ha- 
po.n'B yace Bnojnrfe roTOBt Kb caMBiMTb KpaftHHMt 
((BHCTynjieHiflMTb)). Ho TaKHxr* Jiio^eft y Hact 6hjio 
ocoSeHHO MHoro B'B Ty nopy, Koiyja Hanie peBO.no- 
nioHHoe ^BHaceme coBepmajiocB no^ sHaKOM^ 
6aKyHH3Ma. 

Ilocjrfe Moeft p*^H Ha napH^CKOM'B Mem^yHa- 
PO^om-b CBt3^fe 1889 ro,a,a cTapuft BmiBrejiBM'B 
JlH6KHexT'B no,a;onieji , B ko mh* h, co^yBCTBeHHo 
noacaB-B Mirfe pyny, CR&ssLjrb: «il cnyniajTB BacB cb 
6ojiBmHM'B y^oBOJiBCTBieM'B. Bh nepBHfi pyccnift, 
He CTapaiomiftcfl vb^phtb HacB, Jiio^eft 3anafla, bt» 

T0M1> ? TOO B'B PoCCiH BCe TOTOBO flJIfl peBOJUOmH. 

Co BpeMeH'B BaKyHHHa h hoctohhho GUBiniajTB, too 

TaM-B ((BCe TOTOBO)), H yXHBJOUUICfl TOJIBKO TOMy, 

too peBOJiioijifl Bce-TaKH 3acTaBjrae , rB cefia Taira, 
flOJiro ac^aTB)). TaKTHKa «6ojiBnieBHKOB'B», nojiy- 
*fflBmaa TaKoe apitoe BBipaaceme B'B «mbicjih»^ 
y^ocTOHBHieftca ofloSpeHia tob. IleTpa Ax, tojibko 
B03Bpam;aeTB HacB kt> GaKymracKOMy «BcnBiinKo- 



w peBOji!ouioHepa a , tob. rieTpia Aji. npocTo 3axorkjrb „He 
yBa»HTb a napTiH HapoflHOft Bojih: y Hacb, Mojrb, Toxce 
6yfleT-b HcnojiHHTenbHtift KOMHTerb. 



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— 10 — 

nycKaTejibCTBy». Bi cmhcji'S B03Bpam,ema ki> 3Toft 
TaKTHK*, eft bi> caMOMt fl^jrife npHHa ( a,JiemHT f b 3a- 
cjiyra no^HHa, noTOMy ^to Bca Hama coii.iaji.n.eMO- 
KpaTH^ecKaa jnrrepaTypa, ott> nepBLixt H3,a,aHift 
rpynnH «OcBo6oac,neHie Tpy,a,a)> flo «3apH» h «CTa- 

poft HCKPH)) BKJIIOqHTeJIBHO, nponoB^HBaJia CO- 

BcfeiTB flpyrie TaKTHqecKie bstrh^u. Ho b*^ 3Ta 
uucmo ompiiwxmejihuaR 3acAyia. 

KaifB a yrae CKaaajrb Ha cbisj^b h KaicL a 

HOBTOpHJI'L 3T0 B^CB, Bl> OCHOB'fe BCeft TaKTHKH 

((CojiBmeBHROBt)) jiesKHTB yTonnqecKafl yBtpeH- 
hoctb bi> Towb, ^to Hapofl'L yace ftOCTHFb TOft CTy- 
neHH nojiHTHraecKaro pa3BHTia, KOTopaa Ha caMOM'B 
ftiji* tojibko em,e AOJUKHa 6htb ^ocTHrHyTa bi> 60- 
jrfee hjih MeH^e 6jih3kom'l fiynymeMt. HHa^e CKa- 
3aTB, «6oJiBnieBHKH)) npe^nojiaraioTB yace pimeH- 
hok) Ty nojiHTHqecKyio safta'iy, bb piiueiriH koto- 
poft h aojukho o6Hapy3KHTBca Hauie nojnmraecKoe 

HCKyCCTBO. Jtfi KaKOft CTeneHH 3T0 BtpHO, ^HTa- 

TejiB mofb em;e He^aBHO bh^tb hsb tSxt* aobo- 
flOBt, KOTopne npHBo^HJincB «6ojiBineBHKaMH» npo- 
muez, — VTO He onHCKa; a HanncajTB to, *ito xo- 
rfejrL HanncaTB, t. e. npomim — fioftKOTa TpeTBeft 
$yMH. TenepB CoftKort H3JiHHieH , B — roBoparx* 
ohh — Tarct Kara TenepB yace pa3pymeHH kohcth- 
Tyu,ioHHHa hjijuosIh Hapo,a,a. SI ocTaBJiio bb cto- 
ponfe BonpoGB o tomt*, HacKOJiBKo 6oftKOTb nepBofi: 
,HyMH mofb co^tftcTBOBaTB TaKOMy pa3pyuiemio, h 
o6pam,aio BHHMame wraTejia tojibko Ha Ty ncnxo- 
jioriio, KOTopaa ofiHapyacHBaeTca bb 3Toft apryMeH- 
Taii,iH npoTHBii 6oftKOTa. Mh bh.o.hm'b Tyrt jiuiut, 
noeoe eupaofceuie cmapoii, ymonimecKoii yenpeuHOcmu 



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— 11 — 

et moMZ, Htno 3adma, 7iodjieofcauf,an pmueum, yotce 
prbtueua: «KOHCTHTyn?OHHHH HJuno3iH» yace pa3py- 
meHH h, cji^oBaTejiLHO, bi> Poccin ohhtb «Bce 
roTOBO», TaK-B ^to ocTaeTca jiHfflB no^yMaTb o 
((p'feniHTejiBHOM'B BHCTynjiemn)). H Tanoft yTonH3Mi» 
oeHapy^HBaiorB bt> cpe^i «6oJiBmeBHKOB'L)> flame 
npOTHBHHKH 6oftKOTa, T. e. JUOflH, xoth 6h tojibko 
cay^aftHo ji.'ijiaiom.ie npaBHJiBHHft mart. 6oftKO- 
THcrax-B He^iero h tobophtb: hxt> ncnxojioriH p*- 

IHHTeJIBHO HH^M'B He OTJIH^aeTCfl OTb HCHXOJIOriH 
« CO^ajIHCTOB'B-peBOJKOIl.iOHepOB'B)) . 

TaiCB KaK*B sajiaqa, nofljieacamaa pfemeHiio, c^h- 
TaeTca yace pimeHHOio, to «6ojiBineBHKy» ecTe- 
CTBeHHo He ocTaeTca flyMaTB hh o *iewb flpyroMt, 
KpoM* ((piniHTeJiBHaro BHCTynjiemfl)). Bi> ((pimiH- 
TejiBHOM'B BHCTynjieHiH)) — ajiB(3f)a h OMera «6ojib- 
.nieBHCTCKofi)) TaKTHKH. Bf£ ero ohh pobho HH^ero 
He bh#htl. 

Bt> 16-m*b sacfeaamn CLfe^a tob. M-feinKOBCKift, 
roBopHBniiS ceft^acB ace noorfe MeHH, cb exn^Hofl 
yjiuSKoft 3aM r 6THJTB, ^to, BonpeKH MOHMTb yTBep- 
ac^eHiaMT*, «6ojiBnieBHKH)) HH^ero He roBopara Te- 
nepB o BOopyjKeHHOMfc B03CTamH. 

Tob. M*mKOBCKift HaHBHO ayMaji'L, too 3thmt> 
^oBOfloirb offB pa3pyniHJTB bch) mok) apryMeHTan,iio. 
H TaKT>, noBH^HMOMy, flyMaJin bc£ #pyrie «6ojib- 
ineBHKH)). Ho 3aMlraaHie tob. MinraoBCKaro 6hjio, 
bo nepBHxi>, He coBcfeMt totoo $aKTH^ecKH. Ofl&Kb 
hbt* mockobckhx'b « 6ojn>nieBHKOBB » KaTeropnqecKH 
3aaBHJTL — ecjra naMaTB mh£ He nsarfeHaeTB, bi 
o#hoitb H3T> MHoro^HCJieHHHX'B sacfeftamft, HOCBH- 
m,eHHHxi> HaMH >cnopairB o nopa^K* .apa — ^to 



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— 12 — 

Taici* Kates* ^BH^ceHie Hapo^a yace flocrarjio TenepB 
Toft CTyneHH, Ha KOTopoft ohb 0Ka3HBaeTca *u- 
uyotcdenuuMZ npHfifcrayTB kb BOopyateHHOMy B03- 

CTaHiK), TO MH 06fl3aHH npHTTH K'B HeMy Ha no- 
MOffl,b BT> 3T0M-B pfijlk. "?TO 9T0, eCJIH He Ta 3M- 

MeHHTaH ((TexHH^ecKaH no^roTOBKa K'B BoopyHten- 
HOMy B03CTaHiio)), KOTopyio TaK'B HaaroifaHBo pe- 
KOMeH^OBajiH HaMt bi> OroKrojiBM'fe TOBapnmn Bhh- 

TepTb H OpjIOBCKift? 

A kpom* Toro, a npomy TOBapnma MtniKOB- 
€Karo npHHHTB Bt coofipaaceme botb ^to: bo bch- 

KOWb CnOCOS* fttftCTBift H BO BCHKOM'B 06pa3"6 MBI- 

cjieft ftOJiacHa Sbitb cboh JiorHKa; earn TaKTHKa 
((CojiBuieBHKOB'L)) Bcen,*^ npncnocoCjieHa K'B piniH- 
TejiBHOMy «BHCTynjieHiiO)), a 3to «BBiCTymieHie» 
^ame «6ojiBineBHKH)) npH3HaioTB TenepB, no TOft 

HJIH no fflPJTOft npH^HH*, HeBOSMOJEHBIMB, TO HCHO, 

^to bcji 3Ta TaKTHKa ^ojiiKHa 6htb npH3HaHa He- 

^ooTBiTCTByiomeft HHH r feniHeMy nojioaeeiriio ft'fejTB. 

3amHm;aTB me 3Ty TagTHKy yKa3aHieM r b Ha to, ^to 
^caMH en cto ^ohhhkh He p^maiorc FlFoBopHTB Te~ 

nepB o ((p'feniHTejiBHOM'B BHCTynjieHiiD) (Boopy- 
^aceHMfioflBO^^ yro cocTa- 

MHer^^efl^yin^ h ^to o^ho npH^aeTrTeft h^ko^ 

TOpHft CMHCJIB, 3Ha^HTX COBepHiaTB CMepTHBlft T^Th 

npoTHBT* jiorHKH h nona,n,aTB bi> 6e3BHxo,n;HHH npo- 

THBOp'fcqiH. 

Bt> TaKia npoTHBopima h nonajin Ha jioHflOH- 

CKOMT, CVbSffi eflHHOMBIIHJieHHHKH TOB. MiUIKOB- 

CKaro. Botb apKift npHM'fep'B. Ohh He tojibko ocy- 
flHJiH H,n,eio pafioqaro cvbsjxfl,, ho h Boo6in;e o5Ha- 
pyacHJiii KpaflHee He^oB'fepie kb npojieTapcKOMy .zjbh- 



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— 13 — 

acemio. Bi> CBoeinb nepBOHa^ajiBHOM'B npoeKTfe pe- 
sojuohjh o pa6oTCM , B cbispfi OHanpH3HajiH adony- 
cmuMUMt)) y^acTie *uieHOBfc Hameft napTin 
bt> mnpoKHX'B HenapTifiHUX'B pafioqnrb opraHHsa- 
ujaxT>. He neo6xoduMUMZ u o/cejameMHUMt, a tojibko 
donycmuMUMtl 9to Morao 6h noKasaTBca coBep- 
WeHHO HeBtpOHTHHM'b H coBepineHHO HenpocTHTeaB- 
HtiMt ci to^kh 3p*Hia con,iaji,neMOKpaTa — BCfc 
HafleacflH KOToparo Bcer.ua aojhkhh npiypo^HBaTbca 
Kb mnpoicoiry MaccoBOity .HBHacemio— ecjin 6h mh 

He BHaJEH, TOO npoeKTi* Jpe30JIH)ipH paCOTOMt 
ctis^t 6ujh> BHpa6oTaHi> JIIO^BMH, BCfe HOMHCJIH 
KOToptixi, bi» Te^eme ^Byyt-Tpexi hocjt&ji.hhx'b jrfrrB 
eocpeROTO^HBajiHCb Ha ((pimHTeaBHOMB BHCTynjie- 
hih». PfamiTeJiBHoe BHCTynJieme npeflnojiaraeTB, 

KaKB MH 3HaeMT>, TOO HapOflB yme flOCTHTfc O^ieHB 

BBicoKoft CTyneHH peBOjnonioHHaro co3Hama; a ecjia 
Hapofl.t yace ^ocTHrt Taicoft CTyneHH, to pyKOBO- 
^HTejiH ero flBHacema uovyvb yace He pa3BJieKaTB 
cBoero BHHMaHia h ne pa36maTB cbohxb ycarift 
y^acTieM-B BB 6e3napTifiHHXfc pa6orax-B opraHH3a- 
njaxi. 

KoHe^Ho, bt> h3b*cthhx'b cay^aax* TaKoe yqa- 
CTie Bce-TaKH MoacerB OKasaTBca nojiesHHMB; no- 
3T0My ero HyacHO donycmumb. HacTOHTejiBHoft ace 

He06X0^HM0CTH BT> HeiTB H^TTb, H HOTOMy MOaCHO H 

joJiacHa o%paHUHum%cH npumanieMZ e%o donycmuMo- 
emu. KaKB bhj^hitb, TyTB bi> caMOMt #*£* ecTB 
€boh aormca. OffHa onrafiKa jiorH^ecKH Be^era sa 
coCoft ^pyryio: jko^h, cwraionpe yace pfcmeHHOft 
Ty sa^a^y, KOTopyio tojibko enje Ha^aeacHTB pfc- 
ihhtb, He Moryra He npeHeSperaTB vkwb cpefl- 



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14 



CTBOMB, KOTOpOe, BM^CTfe CB flPJTHMH CpeflCTBaMH 

BOSfliftcTBifl Ha Maccy, aojdkho BecTH kb en p*- 
ineHiio. Kto tobophtb A, totl .npjDKeHB CKa3aTB 
Taitace h B, raacHTB HiMeiptaa noroBopKa. 

ECJIH ace KTO-HHSyftB HaXO.HHTB, WTO TOBOpHTL 

A He cjit^yeTt, Tor^a eMy Hesa^fcMB tobophtb h 

B. ((BOJIBHieBHKH)), eCJIH B^pHTB T. M/fefflKOBCKOMy, 
He HaXOftHTB HyHCHBIMB TOBOpHTB A H flaJKe y^H- 
BJIHIOTCfl, KO^a HMB HanOMHHaiOT'b 06b 3T0ft 

6yKB^. Ho ecjiH 3to TaKB, to coBepmeHHO Heno- 

HflTHO, 3a^tMB OHH BB pe30JH0HlH pafiOTOMTb 

CB^s^i CKa3ajiH B; 3awbwb ohh nocTaBHJiH ce6a 
bb TaKoe OTHonieme kb hihpokhmb pafioraMB opra- 
HHsauiflM-B, KOTopoe Morjio 6h 6HTB HOHflTHHM'B 
tojibko co ctopohh 3aroBopmKKOBB, ySfcaKfteHnHxt 
bb tomb, *rro npninjia Hopa ((p^HIHTeJIBHarO BH- 
CTynjiema)). *) 

He Tpy^HO 6hjio 6h noKa3aTB, ^to h Bcfe 
ocTajiBHHa TaKTH^ecKia ohihGkh «6ojiBmeBHKOB , B» 

eCTeCTBeHHO BBITeKaiOTB H3T> yKa3aHH0ft MHOK) BBI- 

me ocHOBHoft hxb oinn6KH, Ho 9to 6fcuia 6bi n$- 
jraa pa6oTa, 3a KOTopyio a He Mory b3htbch b^ 

3T0MB npe^HCJIOBiH. OCTaHOBJIIOCB TOJIBKO Ha OTHO- 

memH «6oJiBHieBHKOBB)) kb 6ypacya3HHMB nap- 

TiflMB H KB ((OTB^TCTBeHHOMy MHHHCTepCTBy)). 

Ecjih npe^nojiosKHTB, *rro yace nc^e3JiH bcS Tfe 
npe^,pa3cy^KH Hapo^a, kotopho MtmaioTB eMy pa30- 



*) Ha ci> , fe3fl , fe npoeimb pe30JiK>uiH o pa6oHeMi» 

CB%3fl'fe H3M*feHeHl> 6blJlB, MeHCfly npOHHMB, BT> TOMT» 
CMfelCJI'fe, HTO CJ10B0: donyCfllUMO 3aM*feHHJIH cjiobomt>: Me- 

MwneAhno. Pa3yMteTCH, ©TOCflinaHO 6hjio no HacrosiHiio 

«MeHbUieBHKOB-b». 



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— 15 — 

pBaTB cKOBHBaiomia ero ijinn paScTBa; ecjni 

npoHHKHyTBca t4mb ySfcKflemeMB, too cobcSmb 

yme 6jih3K0 BpeMa ^.HKTaTypH «npojieTapiaTa 11 

KpecTLHHCTBa», to CTaHeTi> acHo, ^to coijiajiLHan 

^eMOKpaTia He MoacerB OTHOCHTBca kb «napTiH 

Hapo^Hoft cboSo^H)) HHa^ie, KaKB omputymejtbHo: 

b$a&, Ka^eTH no Heo6xo,u,HMOCTH — bb CHJiy hh- 

CTHHKTa caMOCoxpaHeHia npe^CTaBJiaeMBixB hmh 

KJiaccoB'B — npHMKHyT'b Torn,a kb «peamioHHoii 

Maccm) h SyjjyTB bc6mh craaMH no^epatHBaTb 

npaBHTejibCTBO. CTaao 6htb, ^ocTaTO^mo ;i;onycTHTB, 

too 3a^a^a yace piraieHa, too6h bhojihIj h co3Ha- 

TejiBHO o#o6pHTB pe30jnoijiio, npHHaTyio Ha HanienB 

nocjrfe,HHeMB CB^^t no Bonpocy o6b oTHoineHin 

kt> 6ypacya3HHMB napTiaMB. Ho KaKB ^ojiaceHB 

^MOTp^TB Ha 9Ty pe30JII0I^I0 qejioB^KB, noHHMaio- 

m,ift, too 3a^a^a He pinieHa, a tojibko em,e ac^eTB 

otb HacB CBoero ptmema? Ecjih stotb qejiOB*KB 

cnocoSeHB ayMaTB JiornqHo, to ohb cKaaeeTB, too 

/ xo;o;b pa3BHTia Hameft o6m;ecTBeHHoft acH3HH em;e 

f He nocTaBHJTB HamnxB raCepaJioBB 3a o,o,Hy CKofiKy 

\ cb pearatfoHepaMH; too Meac^y rfeMH h .npyniMii 

t emfi HeH36foKHa 6opB6a, h too napTia npojieTa- 

IpiaTa o6n3aua BOcnojiB30BaTBca 3T0ft HeH36 , feacHoft 

/ 6opB6oio bb HHTepecaxB CBoero co6cTBeHHaro ^fejra. 

i A HMeHHO 3T0 H TOBOpaTB (( MeHBffleBHKH )) H HMeHHO 
V HOTOMy, TOO OHH TOBOpaTB 9T0, OHH ocyayjaioTB 

\ jioHflOHCKyio pe30Jiion,iio o6b oTHomemH kb 6yp- 

§ acya3HBiMB napriaMB, nam HeceoeepeMenuyro it no- 

/ moMy necocmoHmejibuyio. 

* Ha He^aBHeMB niTyrrrapTCKOMB Meat^yHapofl- 

HOMT> CB^^t Mff£ HpHIUJIOCB SecfeflOBaTB CB OffHHMB 



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— 16 — 

pyccKHirb pa6o*raMi> aeaeraTOMB, npH^epatHBaio- 
s^QfCfl <(6oja»ffleBHCTCKaro)) ofipasa MHCJieft. «& He 
noHHMaio, KaK'b iioryrt coi^aji#eMOKpaTH 3x0- 
jpTb bb coraamema cb Ka^eTaMH — CKa3ajrb ohb 
MHt — bb HameMB ropoa-fe kb Ka^ercKoft napTiH 
HpHHa^ieataTb imorie npe^npHHHMaTejra, a b4^cb 
HHTepecH npejj,npHHHMaTeaefi npoTHBononoacHH hh- 
TepecaMi pafio^rnxB)). 51 OTB*qajrb eMy: «y BacB 
^Ba Bpara. Pa3yimafl TaRTHKa Tpe6yeTB otb BacB, 
itoGh bh cHa^ajia cocpe#OTorajra cboh chjkj na 

•ftHOMB H3B HHXB H, pa30HBB erO, yCTpeMHJIHCB 

aa jpyroro. TaKB riocTynajiB Bcer.ua MacTepB bb 
Xbxb ptonema TaKTH^ecKHXB aa^a^b, HanoaeoHB 
lepBiifi. Ha Koro me bh ^ojjjkhh nanacTB npeac^e? 
Otobh^ho,, na npaBHTejiBCTBo. CocpeaoTo^KBaftre se 

UPOTHBB Hero CBOH CHJIH. Ho HpaBHTeJIBCTBO 

3T0TB Bpart, KOTopuft npeacfte #pyimB .noaaceHB 
<htb paafiHTB BaMH — BCTplraaeTB h #0 nopn #0 
BpeMeHH 6yfl,eTB BCTplraaTB npoTHBOnMcTBie co 

CTOPOHH Ka^eTOBB. 9T0 3Ha^HTB f ^TO BaiHH BpaTH 

HOKa enje ccopaTca TaKace h Meac^y cofioio. Pa3yM- 
saa TaKTHKa TpefiyeTB otb BacB, otoCh bh, co- 
cpe^OTO^OHBaa cboh chxh hpothbb npaBHTejiBCTBa, 
HcnoJiBSOBaoiH bb HHTepecaxB peeojwryiu Ty onno~ 
3uttm, KOTopyio noKa eme ^fejiaeTB eMy ((napiia 
napo^Hoft cbo6o^h». A BH 60HTeCB 3T0r0, KaKB 
h3m*hh; BonpeKH 3^paB0My CMHCJiy, bh CTapae- 

TeCB HOHHPHTB ^pyTB CB ^J)yr0MB BaiHHXB, HOKa 

en^e ccopamnxca Meac,ny C06010, BparoBB h, hotomy, 
Boofipaacaa ce6a b^phhmh xpaHHTeiiaMH peBOJiio- 

itfOHHHXB npHHAHHOBB, BH HaHOCHTe CepBe3HBlfl 

Bpe^B peBOJiioniH)). Moft cofiecfe^HHKB HH^ero He 



t 



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— 17 — 

B03pa3HJTC> Jffife Ha 3 TO. Ho MB* H0Ka3aJI0CL, TOO 

oht> He eesi y,nHBJieHiH ycjaixajit o bosmoskhocth 
cyn^ecTBOBama TaKofi to^kh 3p*ma, KOTopaa, ot- 
njoju> ne nepecTaBaa 6htb peBOJnoiyoHHoft, hosbo- 
aaera bm*ct6 ct vkwb bh^tb hobhh ctopohh 
Bonpoca, ocTaionpaca coBepmeHHo HeflocTynmiMH 
pa npaMOJiHHeflHoft aoraKH «6oaBnieBH3Ma». 

Koiyja mh roBopHMi* o coraamemH Hameft nap- 
Tin, HanpHM'fep'B, ci Ka^eTaMH, to Hacb tocto no- 

HHMaH)T r b BT» TOM'B CMHCJlt, TTO MH 06HapyatH- 

BaeMt acejiaHie nocayacHTL 6ypacyasiH CHJiaMH npo- 
jieTapiaTa. Ho 3to — coBepmeHH'fcftinift BS.n.op'B, no- 
KasBiBaionpft, HacKoaBKo Majio noHHMaion> Hamn 
KpHTHKH KaKB HaCB, TaK^ h Bee coBpeMeHHoe no- 
jioaceHie xkjvb bt* Poccin. Ha caMOMT> flferfe pfcra 

MOateTT* HTTH, HaoSopOTb, TOJEbKO TOMt, TT06h 

3acTaBHTB 6ypacya3Hyio onno3Hnjio nocjiyacHTB pe- 
bojuohjohhhmi, ufajiawb npojieTapiaTa. 

BpeMenuue cowshuku pa6onaio nxacca dojotcuu 
6umh eio opydiaMU ez drbJim pa3pymeum cmapaio 
nopndna. A Ha opydin HeJiB3H CMOTpfrrB HHa^e, 
KaKi» cd mourn 3prbnin uxz coommmcmeiH y,rbjiu. 
Ho BonpocB o6t> OTHomemn kt» 6ypacya3HHMT> nap- 
TiaMi> piace Bcero pa3CMaTpnBaeTca y Hact cb 
to^kh 3ptHia i^tjiecooCpasHOCTH; ero noflaioTt 
ofiLiKHOBeHHo no^T> coycoMx HpaBCTBeHHaro Hero- 
flOBama Ha to, too 6ypacya— He npojieTapin h 
Ka^eTH He peBOJiion,ioHepH. 

Ho Bonpocy o6t> OTHonieniH Kb 6ypacya3HHMi> 
napTiaMT* cymecTByeTT) pa3Horjiacie He tojilko Meatfly 
HaMH h «6ojiBineBHKaMH)), ho TaKate h Meatfly 

HaMH H, HanpHMtpT,, HapByCOMt HJIH P030ftJlH)K- 



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— 18 — 

ceMGyprL. TaKHX'B jno^eft, KaKt HapBycB hjih Po3a 
JIiOKceM6ypr r b HejiL3H He OTHecTH Kb racjiy He- 

COMH'feHHHX'B MapKCHCTOBt. H BCe-TaKH OHH paC- 
XOflflTCH CT> HaMH, T03Ke CTOHffl,HMH Ha TO^K/fe 3$%- 

Hia MapKCH3Ma. 9th cnopH Meat^y MapKCHCTaMH 

BH3HBaK)Tt HHOiyja CKenTH^eCKiH XHXHKaHBfl Ha 

ctotb caMoro MapKCH3Ma. OflHaKO, nofloSHLia xh- 
xHKaHLa He HMiioTB no^ co6oft HHKaKoro cepLe3- 
Haro ocHOBamn. MapKcii3Mt ecmb 6e3oitm6oHnuu Me- 
modz u3CA7bdoeauiM o6nficm6euHuxz momuM. Ho 
3Thmi> MeTOflOMt nojn>3yiOTCfl jmdti, a jiwdnMZ ceou- 
cmeenuo oam6ambcn. To, *ito roBopnjia Ha Haniem* 
cfcfefl'fe Po3a JlroKceMeyprt o6t> OTHOUieHin m> 6yp- 
acyasHHMTb napTiaM'B, HBjraeTCH opjmwb hstb ap- 
khxi> h noy^HTejiBHHX'B oGpas^HKOBi, omudoHuato 
npuMrbueuiJi 6e3omu6ouuaio .uemoda. ToJiBKOHBcero.*) 
BojiBinaa n,HTaTa, npHBe^eHHaa mhoio bi> ko- 
poTKoft pi^H, nocBflm;eHHoft 3T0My npe,n,MeTy**), 
OKOH^aTejiBHO pfcmaeTB BonpocB o towb, kslk'l 



*) O Po3*k JlioKceM6ypr'b Hajio, BnponeM-b, 3aMkTHTb, 
hto 0Ha bi> cbohxtj cy^aeHiax-b ouiH6aeTCH noflnacb He 
noTOMy, hto 0Ha njioxo nojib3yemcn MemodoMZ Mapicca, 
a noTOMy, hto eft cnynaeTCH eoece omKctfatnbCM ott> Me- 
TOflHnecKaro MuuijieHin h pyKOBOACTBOBaTbca bi> cbohxt> 
cy^fleHiHx^ npocTHMH afyfyeKT&yivi. Ha MaHreftMCKoMt 
cvfc3jrk repMaHCKOft napTiH oHa o6i>5iBHJia akapxo-couia- 
jihctobt> onnosutiieu cj,ma. Flocjit 9Toro Henb3H yaH- 
BnsiTbCH h TOMy, hto OHa cHHTaerb no3Huiio w 6onbme- 
BHKOB*b" jmeou cpaBHHTejibHo ct> Hauieft. K*b Mapncu3My 
noflo6Hue npHroBopu He HMtiorb HHKaKoro norHnecicaro 
oTHomeHia. Hsb^ctho, hto 6yp»ya3HHe hcto{)hkh HHtep- 
HauioHajia ao chxt> nop-b CHHTaKrnb no3HUik> BanyHHHa 
6ojme Mheott, Hence jih no3Huiro Mapkca. 

**) Fljioxoe cocTOHHie 3flopoBbH hh pa3y He no3Bo- 



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— 19 — 

B3raflHyjrB 6bi Ha 3totb npejpieTB caMB MapKCB. 
MapKCB 6butb yfi^acfleHB, ^to 6ypacya3Han 
peBOJiioijiH bb TepMamH nociyjKHTB Henocpeff- 
CTBeHHHMt npojioroM'B peBOJiiouiH npojieTapiaTa. 
Ohb cmotp^jib Tor^a Ha 6y^ym;ee TepMaHin ho^th 
TaKt, KaK-B eme He^aBHO cmotp^jib y HacB Ilap- 
Bycb Ha fiyaymee PocciH. Ho ero B3rjrfl,jvB Ha ot- 
HomeHie rb 6ypjKya3HBiMB napTiaMB 6bmb otohb 
flajieifB otb B3rjiH^;a IlapByca. Bb Bonpocfe o6b 
OTHomeniH kb sthmb napTiHMB MapKCB 0Ka3H- 
BaeTca HucmrbUMtmz aMenbuieeuKOMb)) avant le mot. 
H 3to nojie3Ho 3anoMHHTB tSmb, KOTopne no,a;o- 

Sp^BaiOTB ((MeHBffleBHKOBB)) BB peBHSiOHHSM*. 

H3B13CTHO, WTO BaKyHHHB OTpHI^aTeJIBHO OTHO- 

chjich kb TpeSoBaHiflMB petfopMt, onacaacB, ^to 
pe<J)opMH noM^niaioTB peeojiiov,iu. CoBepmeHHO Ta- 
Kyio see yTonH^ecKyio 6oh3hb pe$opMB hpohbhjih 
Ha ublssyfc Hanin «6ojiBineBHKH». noTCMy ohh OTKa- 
3ajiHCB c^foiaTB cbohmb TpeSoBame omerbmcmeeu- 
naio MUHucmepcmea? IIoTOMy, ^to ohh Sohjihcb, 
KaKB 6bi 9Ta cym;ecTBeHHo BaatHan pe$opMa He 3a- 
ftepacajia xo^a peBOJHouJH. Ohh TaKB h CKa3aJiH 

3T0. H 8T0 OHflTB 6BMO 6h COBepmeHHO HeHOHHT- 

Hoft HejrtnocTBK), ecjiH 6u 3Ta HejrfmocTB He ^Jia- 
JiacB noHHTHoft bb BH^y yace MHoro pa3B yKa3aH- 
Hoft mhoh) KopeHHoft hxb ohihSkh. Ecjih sa^a^ia, 



jihjio MH*fe Ha 3TOMB c'b'bafl'b eucmynumb cb donjiadoMb. 
H Mon> TOJibKo ynacmeoeamb 6b npeuiJixz, npH neMB Moe 
BpeMH 6hjio Ka«fluft pa3B orpaHHneHO 15 MHHyTaMH. 
TonbKo bb 16-Mt 3actflaHiH a roBopHJTb 6ojibine nacy, 

TaKb KaK*b CB^AB HMfcjlB HCKJIlOHHTeJIbHyiO JIK)6e3HOCTb 

utjiuxB Tpn pa3a „npoflon)KHTb" Moe BpeMa. 



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— 20 — 

nofljiemain.aa pimeHiio, yace pfcmeHa; ecjm «Bce 
totobo)) .pa peeojuoibiu, to Hen,feiecoo6pa3HO saHH- 
jcaTLca pecpopMdMu: oh* MoryTB ocjiafiirrb CHJiy He- 
nocpe,ncTBeHHO npe^CToamaro peBOJnon,ioHHaro Bspu- 
Ba. Ho t. MiniKOBCKift yB*pajn> Haci>, mto «6ojo>- 
meBHKH» mmero He roBopan, Tenept o Henocpes- 
CTBeHHO npe^CToan^eM'B bsphb*, t. e. o BOopyaceH- 

HOM'B B03CTaHiH. 9t0, O^eBH^HO, MOOO 6H HpOH- 

3oftTH moMuo noTOMy, tto enje He Bee «roTOBO». 
A ecjiH em,e He Bee «roTOBO» jpa peBOJnon,iH, to 
^eMy ate noMfanaeTb pe$opMa? HoflH-noftMH! Otho- 
meme K'B OTB^TCTBeHHOMy MHHHCTepcTBy, aBJiaio- 
njeeca HacToanjeft ycjiyrofi CTOJifcinHHy, cocTaBJiaeTt 

OflHO H3T> Tfexi* npOTHBOp^mft, BS> KOTOpHXT* 6e3HO- 

Monpo nyTaioTca «6ojn>ineBHKH». 

SI nnniy 3T0 npe,n,HCJioBie bi> ^epeBHfe, 17$ a 
jraineHB bo3mo3khocth cnpaBHTLca bi> HCTo^HHKaxt, 
B^peHt jih totb cpaum* H3T> 3KH3HH Po6ecni>epa, o 
KOTopoMi> a ynoMaHyjTB bi> 16-mi> sacfe^amH h 
KOTopHft ocnapHBajica «6ojn>HieBHKaMH». Ho flftio, 

KOHe^HO, He Bl> e r HHHH^HOMl> (JaKT*, a BT> o6wpwb 

xapaKTept ^aTejiLHocTH 3HaMeHHTaro $pann,y3- 
cKaro peBOJiioi^ioHepa. A ^to KacaeTca ea o6m;aro 
xapaKTepa, to BcaKift, 3naK0MLift ct Heio, coraa- 
CHTca npH3HaTB, Two Pofiecntep'L npHHajpeacajri, wb 

^HCJiy Tfel, ftapOBHTHX'b nOJIHTHKOBl,, KOTOpHe 
BCJOfL CyB^eCTBOM'L CBOHMt nOHHMaJOTB, ^TO He 

C03Hame onpe.n'fejiaeT'b C06010 6HTie, a 6tiTie 
onpe.n.'fcjiaeT'b co6oio co3Hame. «JIo3yHrH» 5 3a- 
cjiyacHBaBmie o^o6pema Po6ecni>epa, Bcer#a Chjih 
TaKHMH «ji03yHraMH» 3 KOTopne npe^CTaBjiajrH co- 
foio Jtoiuuecniu eueodv U3% nepeowumaio uapodoMt 



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— 21 — 

peeoAwt^iouHaio onuma. KaicL h Bcfe HCTHHHue 
peBOjnoiuoHepH, PoSecnBept npejjno^HTaji'B drtAo 
cAoey *). A botb Hanra meepdo-KaMennhie wpempp 

BCerO PflpOSSAYb CA060MZ H OB 3T0ft CTOpOHH OTOHB 

HanoMHHaio r rB mh* pacKOJXBHHqBHx-b peBHHTejiefi 
«,KpeBHflro fijiaro^ecTia)). Ha ^oh^ohckom-l aJbspfb 
a, 6eefe,n;yfl ci o^HHMt hsi SoaBmeBHCTCKHXB ^ejie- 
raTOB'B otb Ypajia, chpochjtb ero: «CKaacHTe, no- 
atajiyftcTa, Heyacejin Haceaeme ypamcKHX'B 3aB0- 
^obt* bt> caMOM-B fl^jrh TpefiyeTB y^pe^HTejiBHaro 
Co6paHiH?» — «He to, ttoCh y^ipe^HTejiBHaro Co- 
6pama, 0TB*THjnb ohb mh*, a TaKofl ,HyMBi, koto- 
pofl hhkto He cirfejrL 6h pasorHaTB h KOTopan 
Moraa 6bi c^JiaTB Bee, wro cma saxo^e-raw. 9T0My 
otohb jierKO noBipHTB. Ho b^b TaKaa flyMa h 
ecTB nojiuoeAacmHan flyMa, npe^omeHHaa mhoio b*b 
Ka^ecTB* H36npaTejiBHOft naaTcftopMH. aEojiBnie- 

BHKH)) 0TKa3HBaK)TCH OTB ((HOJIHOBJiaCTHOft flyMHfl 

e^HHCTBeHHO noTOMy, oto BTb BonpocaxTb arHTaijin 
ohh bh^atb npeotcde eceio cAoea h, Kb coacajiimio, 
moAbKo cAoea. Ohh 3a6BiBaH)TB — h 3Toro HHKor^a 
He 38i6uBdurb PofiecnBep-B — *rro 
BnanaATb dn>AO 6uao! 

XOTfejIOCB MHfe CKa3aTB fffcCKOJIBKO HpO^yBCTBO- 
BaHHHX-B dOBB H HaOTeTB HpHHHTOft Ha JIOHflOH- 

ckom-b ci^s^fe pe30Jnon,iH 061* OTHomemn napiin 

KB npO^eCCiOHaJIBHHM'B C0H)3aiTB, ho y MeHH fffeTB 



*) Bt> cbohxt> 3anHCKaxi> r-xca PoJiaHi> o6BHHaerb 
ero bt> acenTHHecKOM-b OTHouieHiH kt> pecny6jiHKaHCKoft 
Hflet. Haflo ajMaTb, mto Po6ecnbepT> npocro He xoTtn^b 
paHbiue BpeMeHH npoH3HocHTb cjiobo: pecny6Aitm, 



\ 



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Google 



— 22 

arikcTa. A kpom* Toro 9Ta pe30Jnonja yTparana 
BcaKoe npaKTimecKoe 3Ha^eme bt> BH,o,y pe30Jnon?H, 
HeflaBHO npHHHToft bi IIlTyTTrapTfe cb Moeft no- 
npaBKOft. 

r. riiiexaHOB-b. 

P. S. Btb npHJioaceHin a no»rfem,aio pe30JiK)niK> 
MocKOBCKaro OKpyatHoro KOMHTeTa, BH3HBaBmyio 
ctojelko myny bt> 1 6-wb 3acfe,o,aHiH. ^HTaTejiB yBH- 
.Hhtb, mo3kho jih OTHecTH ee kx ByjrHrHHCKoft fly- 
Mi*. ((BojiBnieBHKH)) caMH cefia He y3HajiH. 9to co- 
BcfeMfc njioxoft npHSHaKii! 

P. P. S. H3JiHinHe npn6aBJiaTL 3 *ito coBep- 
nieHHO HeocHOBaTejieH'B ynpeK^ b^ CHH,n,HKaJiH3M'fe 5 
KHHyTHft Bt 16 3acfe,a,aHiH t. XpycTajieBy «6oj[b- 
ineBHKaMH)), o6H,u, , feBinHMHCH Ha MeHH 3a yKasaHie 
Ha po^ctbo nxt B3rjiflfl;oB'L co B3rjiHflaMH cuudu- 
Kcuiucmoez. Bfc ^HTejiBHOCTH t. XpycTajieBa He 
6lijio mraero noxoacaro Ha CHH,a,HKajiH3M'L. A tto 

Meatfly «60JIBineBH3MOM , B)> H CHH,HHKaJIH3M0M'B 

hjih aHapxo-conjajiH3MOM , B ecTB MHoro o6in;aro, 9to 
^0Ka3HBaeTca Hept^KHMH TenepB ciy^aaMH nepe- 
xoji;a «6ojiBuieBiiKOB , B)) bi pa^H aHapxHCTOBt. 



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Google 



23 



IIjiexahobb. ToBapHmn! Hj. K. Hameft nap- 
Tin nopyqHJI'B MH^fe OTKpHTB HBIHtUIHift CBfeflB, 

nepBBift ecepocciucKiu C'B'feft'B. Cb y^OBOJiBCTBieMB 
Hcnojraaa 3to, *ipe3BBiqaftH0 JiecTHoe fljia MeHa, 
nopy^eirie, a npeac^e Bcero no6jiaro ( u,apio BaoB 3a 
T'fe npoaBJiema CHMnaTin, cb kotophmh bbi MeHa 
bctp^thjih. 9th npoaBJiema oco6eHHO TpoHyjra 
MeHa noTOMy, *ito, KaKB mh* noKa3ajiocB, ohh 

OT^aCTH niJIH OTB TfeXB, OB KOTOpHMH MH* HpH- 

hlhocb, bx Te^eme nocjit^Haro ro^a, cjiOMaTB He 
o#ho Konse no TaKTHqecKHM'B BonpocaMx. Ohh 
ftaioT'B mh* ocHOBame flyMaTB, ^to y HacB Bee 
TaKH 3khbo C03Hanie B3anMH0ft Hameft cbh3h, co- 
3HaHie Toro, ^to mh ctohmtb no^ ojjhhmb 3HaMe- 
HeMi>, no.n'B KpacHHM'b SHaMeHeMx npojieTapiaTa. 
"5to Meatfly HaMH cyiqecTByiorB 6ojiBniia pa3H0- 
rjiacia, 9to HeocnopHMo; ho Mfci Bce-TaKH flOJi- 
skhbi cj^JiaTB nonHTKy GTOJiKOBaTBca, a fljia Toro, 
otoSbi CTOJiKOBaTBca, HaMB Heo6xo,a,HMO pascMOTpferB 
cnopHHe BonpocH cnoicoftHO, sine ira et studio. H 
9to ofijierqaeTca ,n,jia HacB t^mt* o6cToaTejiBCTBOMB, 
tto bi> Hameft naprin no^TH cobcSm'b hStb peeu- 
3iouucmo6o. 

PocciftCKift npojieTapiaTB cTOHerB no^B flBoft- 

HBMB HTOMB ,U,ecnOTH3Ma H KanHTaJIHCTH^eCKOft 



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24 



9KcnjiyaTaniH. 3Ta HCTHHa o^HHaKOBO xopomo co- 
3HaeTca, a ^yMaio, Kaac^HMt mi* Hact. Ho o#- 
Hoft 9Toft hcthhh He^ocTaTo^HO wia acHaro nOHH- 
Mama HamHXTb 3a,n,a*rB. Yrae b'b 1889 r. Ha na- 
pnaccKOM'B MeamyHapoflHoarB coiyajiHCTH^ecKOM'L 
CTbts^'fe a cKa3ajn>, tto Haine ocBofioflHTejiBHoe ^bh- 
jKeme BOCTopatecTByeTb Kaira flBHa&eme npojieTa- 
piaTa hjih coBcfeMt He BOCTopacecTByeTB. H co6bi- 
ria no.n.TBepac^aioT'B moh cjiOBa. Ho chjtb oflHoro 
npoaeTapiaTa He^ocTaTo^HO .hjih ptmHTe^BHoft no- 
fi'fc.nH B'b npeflCToameft HaMj> Sypa&yasHoft peBOJiio- 
nra. HpojieTapiaTy Heofixo^HMH cok)3Hhkh. Eame 
uMeuuo? SL He xo*iy s^fecB ceft^acB pfcniaTB 9totl 
BonpocB, ero ptniHTB obfe;^. Ho too cok>3- 

HHKH HeoOxO^HMH, 3T0 C03HaH)TB BC* H 3T0 yate 

6ojH>mofi mara Bnepe^B bi> cmhcjt6 corjiameHia 
Meatfly HaMH. EyflearB ace pa3cyacflaTL cnoKotao, 
^to6h Hania napiia CTajia nocjrfe CT^^a 6ojrfce 
e^HHoft, qtMt pfl Hero, a npHB^TCTByio npe^CTa- 
BHTejieft Han,ioHajn>HB[XB opraHH3aitfft, BnepBBie 
npHcyTCTByiomHx^ Ha Haniem* cvbsjiih cb ptniaio- 
hihmh rojiocaMH, h npHrjiamaio BacB, TOBapnmn, 
npncTynHTB its* saHaTiaarB. 

,Ha 3flpaBCTByeT r B pocciftcKift, ^a s^paBCTByerB 
MeacflyHapoflHtift npojieTapiaTx! 

fla 3flpaBCTByeTB coi^iajiHCTHqecKaa peBOJiroiria! 



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25 



4-oe 3act^aHie. 

Hjiexahob-b. ToBapHmn! HaniH hpothb- 

HHKH yTBepJK^aiOTB, TTO eCJIH MH 0TKa3HBaeMCfl 
OTb BBipafiOTKH Sfl'fcCB, Ha CT&3]1$, Taicb Ha3HBae- 
WBIXB HMH TeOpeTHTOCKHXt H0JI03KeHift, TO 9T0 
npOHCXOflpTt HOTOMy, WTO MH 60HM(^ BCTp'fcTHTbCfl 

ci hhmh Bt ofijiacTH Teopra. 51 nojiararo, *rro hc- 
Topia Hanrnxt BsaHMHHX'b OTHomemft #0JDKHa 6tuia 
fax noKa3aTB HanraMt npoTHBHHKaMi*, *rro mh jiio- 
#h He pofiKie h *rro y Hact ffferb HHKaKoro ocho- 
BamH ^yBCTBOBaTb CTpaxi nepe^-b hhmh. 

O^Haat^u BncMapK^, cnopa cb JiHSKHexTOM'b 
bt, H'feMeiiKOM'b peftxcTarfe, cKa3ajrb: «Mh, H-feMijH, 
HHKoro He 6oHMca, kpom* 6ora!» JTHSKHexTb einy 
OTB*THJi f b: «A mh, con,iajifleMOKpaTH, He Gohmch 
flame h 6ora!» Mh, pocciftcicie conjajifleMOKpaTH 
MeHbmeBHKH, enje 6e3CTpainH'fce: mh He 6ohmca He 
TOJibKO 6ora, ho aaace h TOBapHm;eft-6ojibnieBH- 
KOB-b, KOTopne CTpamHie 6ora (Anjio^HCMeHTH). 

^TO KacaeTCH JIHqHO MeHJI, KOTOpOMfc T03Ke 

roBopnjiH HaniH hpothbhhkh, to h npi'fexaji'b Ha 

C r bfe3 ( p>, He CMOTpH Ha HJIOXOe COCTOHHie 3fl0p0Bbfl 

He noTOMy, *rro a H36*raio BCTp^ra Ob TOBapH- 
m;aMH-6ojibnieBHKaMH, a noTOMy, ^to h jiioSjiio 

BCTptqaTbCH JIHIJOM'b Kb JIHIiy CO CBOHMH HpOTHB- 
HHKaMH. HOBTOpflH), MH BaCb HH CKOJIbKO HO 6o- 

hmch, TOBapHnpf, xoth bh h xoTHTe 3anyraTb Hacb, 



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— 26 — 

Kpiraa, ^to ecjin ne 6y#yT r B BHpaSoTami ace- 
jiaTejiBHHH ^jih Baci> TeopeTH^ecKia yKa3aHia, 
to npojieTapiarb Sy^erB hm^tl npaBO oSbhhhtb 

HaCT> BB HSM^H*. 9T0 CHJIBHO, HO CJIHIHROMT* He- 
OCHOBaTeJIBHO, ^T06H Ha 3T0MB OCTaHaBJIHBaTBCH. 

Ecjih 6h mh xorfcjm HsStmaTL oScysKflema pyKO- 
Bo,a,am l HX f b npHHUHnoBi), ecjin 6b mh xotSjih oTCTy- 
uaTB otb BacT>, to HaMT> BHrojqrfee Bcero 6hjio 6h 

OTCTynHTL BT> 6e3nJIOflHHa nyCTHHH OTBJieTOHHBIXT* 

pa3cyac^emft. Ho mh He xotiotb 3aTepflTBea b*b 
sTuxiy nycTHHflX'B h noTOMy roBoprarB BaM"B: npn 
oficyacflemH Kaae^aro oT^jiBHaro Bonpoca no,n,HH- 
MaftTecB Ha bck> ^ocTHacHMyio fljia BacB TeopeTH- 
TOCKyio BHeoTy, ho He B^aBaftTecB bb OTBJie^eH- 

HOCTH. B^ftB HMeHHO 3TH OTBJie^eHHOCTH, 3TH a6- 
CTpaKTHHe cnopn HaCT> H HOCCOpflTT* H MH He HC- 
nOJIHHM'B BOJIH HOCJiaBHIHXT* IiaCB, KaKT» BHpa3HJI- 

cs npeflH f o,yni,ift opaTopB. HMeHHO pacnpn H3B-3a 
r OTBJieqeHHOCTefi 6hjih 6u usMinoH t^mb jho^amb, 
KOTopne nocjiajin BacB cio,n,a, TOBapHm,H-6ojiBine- 
bhkh! (Kphkh cnpaBa: He <cjho,h,h» — «TOBapHm;H»!) 
Hy, ,na! TOBapHHj,H. Ho b^b h TOBapmipi— Toace 
jho^h! 

To, qTO bh Ha3HBaeTe BHpaCoTKofi: Teopin, 
yno,n;o6HJio 6h HacB aHraiftcKOMy napjiaMeHTy XVII 
Bfoca, BHpafiaTHBaBHieMy h npHHHMaBmeMy 6ojib- 
hiiihctbom'b tojiocob'b aHrjiiftcKift prayer book, t. e. 

MOJIHTBeHHHKB. H0JIHTK<ieCKafl napTifl TaKHMH flfe- 
JiaMH 3aHHMaTBCH He MomeTB. 

HacB oSbhhhiotb BB peBH3iOHH3M , fc. Ho peBH- 
3ioHHCTH yTBepac^aiOT'B, ^to cchjikh Ha Teopiio 
MapKca 6e3nojie3HH, mh me CTapaeMca Bci eoh- 



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— 27 — 

KpeTHtie nojiHTH^ecKie BonpocH pa36npaTB bo Bce- 
opyacin MapKcoBoft Teopin. 9to, KaKB BHjjHTe, 
6ojn>matf pa3HHn,a. 

3,h$cb roBoparB, ^to cnopHTt o rocy,n;apcTBeH- 

iHOfi flyM* SBSmETb CHOpiITB O ((MHHMOft BeJIH*ffl- 

iHt)). Tocy^apcTBeHHafl flyMa — MHHMaa Bejra*raHa?! 

[Ho Bi^ bt> Rywb 3acfe f n,aeT , B t. AaeKCHHCKift. 

[HeymejiH oht> Toace MHHMaa Bean^HHa? (Cm'Sx'b). 
A Hama nsfinpaTejiBHan KaMnaHia? HeyacejiH h osa 
npe^CTaBJiaeT-B co6oio MHHMyio BeairaHHy? HfrrB, 
TOBapHmn! 

KoHe^HO, npaBa flyMH — HanpHMipt, en 610,3;- 
aceTHoe npaBO — Moryrt 6bitb Ha3BaHH mhhmbimh. 
Ho b$ju> 3T0 Ha,n;o em;e nonasamh uapody, a noita- 
saTB eMy 9to mojkho tojibko nymeM* onuma, pa^H 
KOToparo Haara Heofixo^HMo no^epatHBaTB JtyMy 
bb ea cTOJiKHOBeHiaxB ct> npaBHTeJiBCTBOM'B. JSj- 
Ma CTajia (JaKTOM-B, cb kotopbdtb mbi He MomeM^ 
He c^HTaTBca! 

flyMy, 9Ty ((MHHMyio BejuraHHy», MoryrB He 
fceroflHa-3aBTpa pa3orHaTB h Toiyja oHa CTaHerB 

HyjieM-B. Ro^jm^B^^!M^]^^T3^W^S^ Kli 9T0 ~ 
My 6e3pa3JiH^HO. HaM"B npn^eTca onpe#*jraTB, Kans* 
HaMB oTBsvemb kb pa3roHy ,HyMH, KaKi> HaMi* 
otb^thtb Ha ea pasroHii. Tob. JTeHHH'B CKa3ajiB: 
Hanra 3ana^HHe TOBapnniH hpohhkjihcb 6h 6ojib- 
iiihmb yBamemeM'B icb HaMB, earn 6bi ycjiBiinajiH, 

TOO MBI 3aHHMaeMCa BBipa60TK0ft TeopeTH^eCKHX'B 

nonoaceHift. CoBepnieHHo HanpoTHB^! 

3ana^HHe TOBapnmn cb HsyMJieHieM'B noacanH 
6h njie^iaMH h CKa3ajiH 6h: ((CTpaHHHe jiio^h 3t» 



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— 28 — 
poccijme! ^tjia y hhxt> Heno^aTHfi yrojrB, a ohh, 

n0^06HO CpeflHeB'feKOBBIM'B CXOJiaCTHKaM'B, TpaTflTB 

BpeMH Ha 6e3nao#HBie cnopH o tom*, ckojilko aH- 
rejioBt MOJKeTB noarfecTHTLca Ha kohi$ fiyjiaBO^- 
Hoft rojiOBKH)). H 9to He noTOMy, *rro HaniH 3a- 
na,apo-eBponeftcKie TOBapmijH OTnocaTCH OTpnija- 
TejiLHO ki> TeopeTHTOCKHMt cnopaMi*. HnqyTB He 

6HBaJI0! H^KOTOpHe H31» HHXt nOflHHMaTOTCH Bl» 

<cbohxt> cnopaxt Ha ropa3^;o SojiBmyio BBicoTy, 
*rfcMi>MHorie h MHorie hs-b Hanmx'B TOBapHm;eft. Ho 

OHH yMtlOTb Bl> TO 3Ke BpeMfl CTaBHTL CBOH CHOpH 

Ha KOHRpeTHyro noray. A y HacB HMeHHo 9Toro to 
h He bbuhjio 6h, ecjiH 6h mbi npHHHJin Banie npe^- 
jKMKeme. 

KcTaTH o JTeHHHfe. Ohb npHHHCaJTB MH* CJr£- 
,Kyioin,ee pa3cyac^eHie: TaicB KaKi> y Haci> coBep- 
maeTCH 6ypacya3Haa peBOjnoiiifl, to mbi ^ojihchbi 
3aKJiToqHTB coios'b CL 6ypacya3ieft. 3, orapBiBaa 
cbI^'b, CKa3ajn> He TaKi>. S. CKasajit botb qro: 
chjtb o^Horo npojieTapiaTa HejjocTaTorao ^jih pt- 
niHTejibHoft noSi^Bi Ha^i* peaKitfeft; eMy HyatHBi 
cok)3hhkh. H HanrB vbbsR'h flOJiaceffB Sy^eTt pt- 
hihtb, vjsfb eny cjii^yeTB HCKaTB cok)3hhkob'b. SL 
KaTeropn^ecKH 3aHBHjn>, *rro, oTKpBiBaa cffes^, 
h c^HTaro npeac^eBpeMeHHHMt BHCKa3HBaTB csoft 

€06CTBeHHHft BSTJlSIRb Ha BTOTb BonpocB. TaKmrb 
o6pa30MT» T. JleHHH'B COBepiHeHHO H3BpaTHJTB CMBICJTB 

CKasaHHaro mhoto. A tto nmi> npn^eTca tojiko- 

BaTB S^OB COH)3HHKaXI» 5 3T0 3HaeTe BBI BCfe H 

TyrB h 6ujo> coBepmeHHO HeocnopHMO npaBi,! (Ad- 

JIQflHCMeHTBl). 



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— 29 



16-oe 3acfe^aHie. 

Hjiexahobt,. ToBapHmn! 51 yace roBopHJTB. 
BairB, Trofl npiixajii Ha CBtsflB 6ojibhhm'b. Hpn jjpy- 

VUTb oSCTOHTeJIBCTBaXB fl COBCfeMt He B3HJTB 6H 

cjiOBa; ho fl BHHyac^eH'b tobophtl no flByMB npn- 
*mm,wb. Bo nepBHx-B, opaTopu, KpHTHKOBaBinie 
^yMCKyio (JpaKBiiio, fipocnjiH h^ckojibko ynpeKOBB 
Tanate h bb mok) CTopoHy. $L pfljimewb B03pa3HTB 
BWb. O^HaKO He SofrrecL, a He 6y#y KacaTBca Be- 
reft, HMiion^Hx-B jraraHft xapaKTepi>; a ocTaHycL 
Ha npHHiiHniajiLHoft hoto*. Bo btopbixt, — h sto 
caMoe rjraBHoe — cero^Ha y HacB HCTopMecitoe 3a- 
cfc,n;aHie, h ecjin 6u a jiemajrB Ha CMepraoMB 
ojxjik, to a h Toiyja craTajTB 6bi ce6a o6a3aHHHMB 
roBopHTB, ^to6h npe^ynpejjHTB Baci> otb cTpain- 

HOft 0HIH6KH, KOTOpyH) H^KOTOpHe HSfc BaCB co6h- 

paioTca sji^ch coBepmHTB. 

$L yace CKa3ajn>, *eto 6y,a,y ffepacaTBca npnHn,H- 
niajiBHoft norou. Ho npeac^e ^rbwb B3rjiHHyTB cb^ 
to^kh 3piHia npHHipina Ha BonpocB, 3aHHMaionpfi 
h pas^tjiaiomift HacB, a c^Jiaio h^ckojibko saiwh- 
qamft qacTHaro xapaKTepa. 
: BonpocB o Hapo,a,oBoft ^eMOKpaTiii He cctb 
^jgitHffl^niaJiBHHft BonpocB, KaKB cnpaBeflJiHBO 3a- 

M^THJTB 3fl$Cb T. KyHBCltift. ECJIH 6h HaiHH HOJIB- 

CKie TOBapmn,H CBoeBpeMeHHO CHecjmcB Ha 3totb 
ctotb cb Hanieft $paKH,ieft, to OHa, KOHerao; 



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— 30 — 

oxotho npHHAJia 6h kb pyKOBO^CTBy htb yKa&ama. 
Ho ohh 9Toro He c^fcaaaH, h bhhhtb 3a 3to Hamy 
<J>paKiiiK) e^Ba an ocHOBaTeaBHO. 

^to HapoflOBaa fleMOKpaiia opraHH30Bajia rpa- 
at^aHCKyio softHy cpe#H noaBCKaro npoaeTapiaTa; *rro 
OHa npoaHBaaa kpobb noaBCKHx-B npojieTapieBt, sto 
SHaeMi mh bc% 6e3-b pasanqia <J>paKi^ft, h to^ho 
Tanace bc*, 6e3i> pasaH^ria <J>paKn,ift, mh ojjHHaKOBO 
B03M5 T m,aeMca sthmt*. Orajio 6htb, Tyrt mh cb 
BaMH cnopHTB He cTaHeMt; Tyre mh corjiacHMca 
ct> Thwb, wro Haineft <j>paRuiH ayqme 6nao 6h, 
noacaayft, B03,n;epacaTBca ott> napjiaMeHTCKHxt cho- 
memft ct Hapo#OBoft ^eMOKpaiieft. Ho, noBTopaio, 
t. KyaBCKift cnpaBe,a,aHBO saM-feTHJTb, *rro Bonpocfc 
3T0TB mrfeerB jimnB BTopocTeneHHyio hjih #ajKe 
TpeTLecTeneHHyio BaaeHOCTB. 

He mrfeerB npHHupniaaBHaro SHa^ema h totb 

BOnpOCB, KOTOpHft UO^BSUTb SJlfcCB tob. JrHfiepi.. 

HpH3HaH)Cb mh* Toace 6nao acaaB, *rro 3anpocB o 
cfeflaen.KOM'B norpoM* cj^aaHi. 6hjtb Hapo^oBijaMH, 
a He conJaji#eMOKpaTaMH. Tyra co ctopohh Haineft 
<|>paKijiH 6Hao, noacaayft, nfeKOTopoe ynymeme, ho 
OT^ero npoH3omao oho? Hamero 6paTa seaHKopocca, 
3Haioin;aro ^Pyrie bh^h raeTa, ho He HcntiraB- 
maro naitwHOAwato raeTa, MoatHO 6Hao 6h — #o- 
nycTmrt sto — He 6e3i> irfeKOToparo ocHOBama 3a- 

H0,H,03pHTB Bt He^OCTaTO^HO BHHMaTeJIBHOM'B OTHO- 

ineHin kt> t^wl cayqaaMTB, b-l kotophxt. npo- 
aBaaeTca qtotl nocaisflHift. Ho Hania (fpaKnia co- 
ctohtb He tojibko ust* BeaHKopoccoB'B: fb Heft ecTB 
rpy3HHH, apMHHe, aaTHinn h eBpeft. A b-b meH- 

TpaaBH0MT> KOMHTerfe, HOCTOHHHO CHOCUemeMCM CB 



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— 31 — 

Hameft <J)paKn,ieft, Sbijtb h npe^cTaBHTejiB ByH^a. 
SI nojiaraio, ^to hhkoto rat smuxz TOBapnm;efi[ 
Hejn>3H 3ano,a;o3pHTL bt> paBHOflynraoM'B oraomeHiH 
Kb TOMy raeTy, KOTOptlft saBHTt HXT> Hau,ioHajEb- 
HOCTH. H eCJIH, He CMOTpa Ha 3T0, (fpaKiua Bee 

TaKH ynycTHJia cny^aft cft&iaTb 3anpocB o cfefljien,- 
mwb norpoM*, to hcho, tto HejiB3H oSbhhhtb ee 
bt> no^oSHOM'B paBHOflyinin. TyTt ohhtb 6hjtb jramB 
fffeKoropHft npoMaxi*, Ha KOToptift cjitflyeT'L no 

TOBapHIIjeCKH 06paTHTB BHHMaHie, HO BT> BH,n;y KO- 

Toparo H'feT'B ocHOBama ropawrbCfl. He TaKie bo- 
npocH BH3HBai0TT> cnopH Mem^y HaMn; He Tame 
BonpocH pa^'fejiaiOT'E) Hact. Hanoi TOBapHiijH Bnojifffc 

MOrJIH 6H HOCTyHHTB TaKT>, KaKT» 3Toro XOT&JIOCB 

foi t. JtnSepy, hh Majio He OTKa3HBancB npn 3tomt» 

OTB CBOHXT> .TaKTH^eCKHX'b B3I , JIfl ( a,0B'B. B*B 9T0MT>, 

a Ha^iiocB, hhkto He coMH^BaeTca. B^b rjiaBHoe 
flfeio bt. tomb, ^to opaTopaMi.,, HanaflaBnraM'B Ha 
Hamnxi) TOBapnm,eft bo <J>paKii,iH, He HpaBHTca hxt> 
TaKTH^ecKie B3rjra,HBi. CTajio 6bitb, Tyn h 3aKjno- 
^aeTca HacTOfliu;afl cyTB Hamero cnopa. 

TaKTH^ecKie B3rjra,nH Hanraxi TOBapHm;eft na- 

SHBaiOTT* OnnOpTIOHHCTHieCKHMH. IIpaBBJIBHO JTH 

9T0? Bl> HnXl* H^TB h cjrf^a onnopTioHH3Ma. 

SfliCB H, BnOJIH*. paS^JIHIOmitt 3TH B3TJLtiiRU, 

BHacy ce6n BHHymfleHHBiMt c^jiaTL #Ba 3aMlraa- 
flia no a,npecy t. Thhikh. ToBapnnj'B cb Hey^o- 
BOJiBCTBieMt saM'feTHJi'b, ^to mh jnrbewb npeTeH3iio 
6htb e,a,HHCTBeHHHMH MapKCHCTaMH bt> napTiH. 
HaMt ^yac^a no,u;o6HaH npeTeH3ifl. Ho caMo co6oto 
pasynieTCH, ^to Koiyja mh BCTp-frqaeMCH cb TaKT> 
na3. KpHTHKaMii MapKca, to mm He MoaceMi) npn- 



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— 32 — 

TffiCJiaTB HXT> KT> JiarepH) MapKCHCTOBl*. BfylB H T. 

Thuiko He pfemiTca HaaBaTL MapKCHCTaMH, Ha- 

npHMtpt, 3MHHpi0-M0HBCT0B'B (CM*X1, Ha JlfeBOft 
CTOpOfffe). 

Bt CBoeft pt^H t. Tbiiiiko, o6pam;aacB ko MH* r 

HanOMHHJH> TOWb BpeMGHH, Koiyja H SopOJICH OB 

acopecHSMOM-B h B03CTaBajrB npoTHBt MnjniBepaHa, 
Owb 0T3HBajiCH ex 6ojn>nioft noxBaaoft o CTaTBax-B, 
HanncaHHHX'B mhoio bt> to BpeMH. SI 6jrarofl,apio 
ero 3a KOMnjraMeHTT,. Ho ecjin 3a sthmt* komhjih- 

MeHTOMl. CKpHBaeTCH TOHKift HaMeK-B Ha TO, *ITO 

a TenepL 0Tica3ajica otb mohxt» Tor^arnHnxt B3rjra- 
,Hobt> 5 to t. Thhiko o^eHB oinnSaeTca. fl ctoh> 
Tenept Ha Toft c^Mofi: TO^nefe sptma, Ha KOTopoft 
CToaji'B Toiyja, Koiyja Sopojica ct acopecH3MOMT>. 

TOMy, KTO HaXOHHTt 3T0 CTpaHHHMX, TOMy, KTO 

AyMaeTB, too tojibko acopecHCTB mofb hphtthicb 
Moeny Bsrjia.ny Ha Haiira 3a,naTO no OTHomemio k*b 
flyarfe h kt> SypacyasHHM-L napTiaMt, a HanoMHio 
o Boacairfe $paHn,y3CKHxi» MapiccHCTOBT>, JKiojrfe 
Tdftk. Ha napnatcKOM'B MeacflyHapoflHoarB vbksRfc a 
BMicrfc cb humx 6opojca hpothbt* acopecH3Ma. H 
toti> ace caMHfi: ,2Kiojib Vsri* BnojiH'fe oftoSpaei^B 
Tenept moh TaKTH^ecKie B3rjiaflH. ^to ace? Cica- 
acyTB JIH MOH UpOTHBHHKH, TTO JKiojib TsRb Toace 
CTajra acopecncTOMt? 

O^hht, H3T, TOBapnm;eft cica3ajiT> s^cb: «nae- 
xaHOBi* TenepB He totb, *tto Shjit. npeac#e». H a 
3Haio, ito MHorie H3T> npncyTCTByion^HX'B Ha ct^;^ 
pas.n'fejiaioTTb 3to MFfeme; a yB'fepeH'b, *ito MHorie 

H3T> HHXT> TOace TOTOBH CKa3aTB OfiO MHtl ((EbIJTB 
KOHB fla H3l$3AHJICfl». H a, KOHeTOO, H3T> , fe3,n,HJICH 



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! — 33 — 

wl HSBtcTHOMi* oraonieHiH. Hpeat,u,e a 6hjtb 3^0- 

poBi, a TenepB Moe 3,a;opoBBe o*ieHB pacniaTaHo. Ho 

tto KacaeTca mohxt> nojiHTH^ecKHX'B B3rjia f a;oB , B, to 

a ocTaiocL h, KOHerao, ocTaHycB TaKmrt ate, Ka- 

KHMi) a 6hjtb cb Tfcxfc caMMxi* nopi> 5 Koiyja cjio- 

humhcb moh coi^iaJi^eMOKpaTiiqecKia yfiiatflema. Bs> 

9ToirB bh MoaceTe 6bitb yBtpeHBi. Ho CTpaHHoe 

Xbxol "5yTB jh He cb rfexi ate caMtix'B nopi>, 

KaKB caoatHJiHCB moh con.iaJi.neMOKpaTHqecKiH y64- 

xcjema, a craon* CflBiinaTB otb HfetOTopBix-B H3i» 

mohx'b TOBapnin,eft ynpeKH bi> toitb, wo a He b*- 

pent Hin>; ^yTB jih He cb Tfexi, ate caMBixt nopt 

•OKpyrB MeHH pas^aeTca Heo^;o6pHTejiBHBift po- 

hotb: «HjiexaHOB r B yate He wra, HaexaHOBt H3M&- 

HHica!» HpHBe^y Han6ojrfee nHKaHTHBie npiodspH. 

Bo BpeMa roao^a 1891 ro,n;a aHanncajTB bi> oflHoft 

H31 cbohxt, cTaTefi, hto Hanra coEpajiaeMOKpaTH 

jojiatHH BHCTaBJiaTB Tpe6oBame mapoKoft rocy- 

XapcTBeHHoft homoh^h ro.noflaiomHM'B KpecrBHHaM'B. 

9to oropraao ^acTB Tor^aniHHX'B Hamaxt con,iaji- 

jeMOKpaTOBTb. Ohh onacajiHCB, too ecm rojioflHHe 

KpecTBaHe 6y,n;yrB HaKopMJieHH, to ocTaHOBHTca 

pa3BHTie y HacbicanHTajiHSMa, h ohh crporo ocy- 

JHJIH MOH) Henpe^yCMOTpHTeJIBHOCTB, piniHB'B, *ITO 

a «yate He totb», hto 6ujn> npeat^e (cMfeb). 

IIOTOM'B HBHJIHCB 3K0H0MHCTH. 9TH TOate HaXOftH- 

jMi, ^to a OTcraji'B otb ^BHatema h b*b ,noKa3a- 

TeJIBCTBO HpHBO^HJIH MOft BSTJia^B Ha HOJIHTH^e- 

ckvk) 6opB6y. Ohh ynpeicajiii Mena btb tomt., tito 
a xoqy 6y,nT0 6u «b3htl caMO^epataBie Ha ypy». 
Kto CKaacerB TenepL, *rro stotb ynpeKH 6hjtb 
ocHOBaTejeHT,? B r hj^h TenepL npoTiiB f & neHa bli^bii- 



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— 34 — 

raeTca KarcB pa3t npoTHBonojioacHoe oSBHHeiiie: 
Tenepb qacTL TOBapHm;eft cepjpTca Ha MeHa 3a to, 
too a HeflocTaTorao rpoMKO Kpniy «ypa!» npa 
Hana^emH Ha caMo^epacaBie. Ho h 3tot* ynpent 
Toace HeocHOBaTejieH'b. SI cobc6m , b He npo*H> kphk- 
HyTB «ypa!» Ho a ftVMaio, *rro h sto Ha^o flfcaaTb 
yMiioin, t. e. Kcmamu. A KOiyja jho,h,h Kpn^a/Ft 
«ypa!» He KCTara, to nojiyiaioTca otohb njioxia 
nocjrfyiCTBia. BcnoMHHTe reHepajia Peajja, Bocn*- 
Taro Tojicthm-b: 

A Peajj'B B03BMH ,na cnpocTy 
noBejp: Hact npaMO kt> MocTy 
Hy-Ka Ha ypa! 
Bh 3HaeTe, *rro bhhijio: 

Bott, ypa mh 3aniyMtoH 
^a pe3epBBi He nocnfcra. 
Si Haxoacy, qTO TOBapHm,H 6ojn>uieBHKH ycBOHJiH 
ce6t TaKTEraecKie b3tjizru reHepajia Pea^a ir #*&- 

CTBHTeJILHO 0TKa3HBaK)CB ((HiyM^TB jpa!» HO HXT> 

npHrjianieHiio, ho 3to BOBce He sHaiirrb, wro a 
«yaee He tott>»: a BOo6m,e HHKOiyja He pas^feiajrB 
TaKTH^ecKHX'B B3rjiaflOB'B reHepajia Pea,a;a. Hfoto- 

TOpHe 60JIBHieBHKH HpH^HCJiaiOT'B M6HH KT> ^HCJiy 

((Ka r neTOo6pa3HLix , B corjianiaTejieft». Kanoe ace co- 
rjianieHie HMiioT^ ohii b^ BH,a;y? Otobhtjho, corjia- 
meme ct> aScojiioTHSMOMt. Ho b^b 3to me ^h- 
CTfeftniaa HejrfenocTb! Pa3B^ a, pasB* moh TOBa- 
pHm,H-MeHBmeBHKH 3aiiKajiHCB Kor^a-HHfiy^ o 
hoso6hom , b corjianieHin (kphk^ cnpaBa: «6hjio»). 
ToBapHmt! Bh KpimHTe: «6hjio!» h a yB'fepeH'B, 
^to bh coBepnieHHO HCKpeHHH. Ta CTapynraa, ko- 
Topaa no^JioaaiJia Ba3aHKy ^poBt bt> KOCTep-B, cacn- 



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— 35 — 

raBmift Tyca, Tome fiHJia coBepuieHHO ncEpeHHH, n 
mh*, no^ofiHO Tycy, ocTaeTca toubko BocEjiiKHyTt: 
«CBHTaH npocTOTa!» JIio^h, He OTJiH^aiomieca Ta- 

KOfl npOCTOTOft, HOHHMaiOT'b, *ITO flJIH HaCB pt^b 

HffeTi» ne o corjianieHin ct> n,apH3M0M , B, a o cno- 
€o6axi> HanSojrfee ycirfeniHoft 6opb6u ct hhmt>. 

/ Ho flOBOJiLHO 060 mrfe. ToBapnnja ^aHa ropB- 
ko ynpeKHyjiH SflfccB Bt tomt*, ^to ohb hhjtb 
Ka^eTCKift qaft. Bt tom^ ace ynpeKajH tob. IJe- 
peTeira h ^acanapn^e. 9to^ KOHerao, SojiBmoe 

TUutgc^njieHie, h^ cjrfejiyH npaifijiyf ainicWTlato, 
sed ma|^~ainica Veritas, nocnfenrajTB chpochtb iixt> 
((Kaira ace bh Morjin nocTynnTB TaKt?» Ho TOBap. 
^manapn^e B03pa3EUTB Mirk, *ito 3a Kaa^Hft cTa- 
KairB 9Toro HecqacTHaro ^aa ct hhx'b 6hjio b3bt- 
€KaHO no iihth KonteK-b. HpiiHHMaa BO BHHMaHic, 
*TTO BT> HHH'fefflHeM'B OfilU.eCTB'fe HM^eTB 3HaTOHie 

ee ctojibko Beip;ecTBO TOBapa, ckojibko ero m^ho- 

BaH CTOHMOCTB, BBIXOflHT'B, ^TO ^aft-TO OHH HHJIII 

KaK'B 6y,a;TO CBOtt coScTBeHHBift. O^HaKO, a ein,e 
-Gojrfee HenpHMHpHMi, HeaeeM tob. n. Aji. fl 
roBopio hm-b: «nojioacHM r B, ^to qaft 6bijtb b-b ca- 
mom-b flfcrfc Baini> coficTBeHHBift. Ho b^b dhjiii 
to bh ero H3T> Ka^eTCKHX'B CTaKaHOBi). A pa3Bi5 

:3TO H03B0JIHTeJIBH0? ECJIH BBI XOTHTe C06jIK)CTH 

b*phoctb npHHn.nnaM^, to BaarB cjit^yeTB BCio^y 

IXOflHTB, BO^oShO paCKOJIBHIIKaMT), CO CBOeft co6- 
CTBeHHoft nocy^oft)). SI Hafl'fciocB, *rro MeHa o,a;o6- 
parB TOBapnmn cnpaBa. (Ephkh cnpaBa: «9to He 
<5epBe3HO!)))EOHe i 5HO, HtTTb! HO a He BHHOBaTB BT> 
TOJffB, *TTO ^aft 3T0 r FB HpiaTHBlft HanHTOICB flaJIT) 

Bam> hobos'b ^Jia TannxTb Hanaflemft Ha Hainy <J>paK- 



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— 36 — 

itfK), KOTOpHfl, OqeBHflHO, Ka3aJIHCB Baiit BnOJIH'fe 
CepBe3HH. JI flMCTBHTejlBHO CMfcOCB, HO CMtlOCB 

noTOMy, *rro Bama TaKi> Ha3BiBaeMaaKpHTHKanpeji,- 
CTaBJiaenb cofioio He KpHTHKy, a to, oto h'Smijh 
HasuBaioTB Norgelei. 

ToBapHmn! Ha HanraxB nia3axB coBepnrajiocB. 
eo6HTie orpoMHofi HCTopnqecKofi: BaatHocTH Bb jih- 
q$ coitfaji#eMOKpaLTHTiecKHx , B ^enyTaTOBB poccift- 
CKifi npojieTapiaTB BnepBtie otkphto BHCTynnjrB 
Ha cn,eHy napaaiieHTCKoft 6opb6h. Mh* Tpy^Ha 
enncaTB to paflocraoe Bojraeme, cb kotoplim-b b 
raTajTB, HanpHMtpB, nepByio p*qB t. HjepeTeJiH. 
H kto 3HaeTB? MoaceTB 6htb, no^ofiHoe me boji- 
Heme HcnHTBiBajra h MHorie H3B BacB, TOBapnnip r 
CHflamie 3%bch Ha npaBoft CToponfe. Ho Kor#a co- 
itfajifleMOKpaTH^ecKaa (JpaKniH hphxo^htb kb BaarB 

CT> OT^eTOMB CBOefi fliflTeJIBHOCTH, bh 3a6HBae- 

tc o6b efl orpoMHHXB sacnyrax'B h HarpaacflaeTe 
ee jihhib Mejio^HHMH ynpeKaMn! Bh 6epeTe b'b 

CepBe3B ftOBO.HH, BH^BHHyTHe npoTHBi* Hen T. 
II. AJI. TyTB npOHCXOflHTB fffrlTO, 3aCTaBJIHI0- 

m;ee bchomhhtb pt^B MapKa AhtohIh y nieKcnn- 
pa. lOjiift Uje3apB cjvfejiajiB to-to h to-to, ohb 
6hjib BejiHKift ^ejioB^KB, ho BpyTB CKa3ajiB: «ohb. 
6h;ib ^ecT0JiK)6HBB, a BpyTB, hsb^ctho, ^ecTHHft 
^eaoBiKB!)) TaKB h y HacB. Hama $paKn,ia hm*- 
eTB 3a co6oft MHomecTBO 3acjiyrB; ho tob. II. 
Aji. CKa3ajrB, 9to 0Ha nponHTaHa xyxowb on- 
nopTK)HH3Ma, a tob. II. Aji., hsb^ctho, KpaitHift 
peBOJnoitfoHepB; ohb xopomift cy^a b-b 3thxb Bonpo- 
caxt. H bh cjiymaeTe t. H. Aji.; bh cepBe3Ha 
cnpamHBaeTe ce6a: MoaceifB jih mh, He H3M^HHa, 



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r 



37 



npHHn l HnaMT» peBo jnonjoHHoft cou.iaji^eMOKpaTiH , 
oflofipHTL ^tirrejiBHocTB Hanieft <J>paKii,iH. 9to no- 

HCTHH'fc He B^pOflTHO. 

Bl» neWb COCTOHTB MHHMail BHHa (JpaKuin? 

ToBopHTt: oHa He H3JioaKHJia Bt ^yM* nanieft npo- 
rpaMMH. Ho Hama nporpaMMa 6HJia H3Ji03KeHa Ha- 
bihmh npe^CTaBHTejiHMH yaee Bt nepBoft ^yM^. 
H3JiaraTL ee bo BTopoft pas'B 3Ha*rajio 6h B,a,a- 
BaTBca b^ HeyMHoe h noTOMy CKyraoe noBTopeme. 
H TaKoe noBTopeme 6hjio rfeMi* Menfee yarfecTHo, 
too HymHO 6hjio npeac^e Bcero ,n;aTB HaflJieacanjift 
oraopt npe^CTaBHTejiio CTaparo nopn^Ka. Bi ot- 

B^Tt Ha pl^B CTOJIHEHHa Ha^O 6BIJI0 TOBOpiITB 

He o6t> oTHOHiemn npojieTapiaTa kt> 6yp3Kya3in, He 
o Hamefi KOHe^Hoft n,foiH, a o tom^, hto co3Ha- 
TejEbHHft npojieTapiaTB HenpHMnpHMi* bi* CBoeMt 
OTHomemH kt> cTapoMy nopajjKy; o tomt>, *ito ohb 
fiopeTCH n CynerB SopoTBca cb hiimi* He Ha hch- 
bott,, a Ha CMepTB. TaiCB h nocTynmrB IJepeTejH 
h, KOHe^HO, o^eHB xoponio c^jkutb. 

Haninx'B TOBapmii;efi: ynpeKaioTB flajr&e bt. tom'b, 

TITO OHH B^ ^yM* OXOTHO OnHpaiOTCH Ha 3aK0H- 

nyio no^By. Ho Ha *ito me npiiKasKeTe onnpaTBCH 
hmi» 5 Koiyja %bJio HfleTi* o tomt^ ^to6h pasoojia- 
^htb jnmeMipHoe 3aKOHOJiio6ie CTOJiBinnHa? HamH 
^OJiBHieBHKH cmotphtb Ha 3(mom rjia3aMH anap- 
xhctobx. Ohh 6ohtch cnoBa: 3aK0Hi>. Mh ero He 
6ohmch. Mh sHaeifB, ^to Bcaicift saKOHt, xotb ot- 
^acTH nojie3HHft .pa nponeTapiaTa, 3aBoeBBiBaeTca 
nyTearB acecroKofi: 6opb6bi, h mbi Haxo^nrb, ^to 
Hejrfeno npeHefiperaTB ho^oShhmii 3aBoeBamaMH. 
KaK'B pacxosaTCH cb HaMii b*b 9tomb aiyia'fe 



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— 38 — 
TOBapHUjH 6o;iBineBHKH, bh^ho H3T» cji'fe l nyioin,aro\, 

Bt pe30JIK)UiH, npHHOTOft MOCKOBCKHM'B, K&Kb H3- 
B^CTHO, fiOJIBffleBHCTCKHM'B OKpyatHHMI> KOMHTeTOMT> 

no noBO,my TocyflapcTBeHHoft flyMH, CKa3aHo: «IIpH- 
3HaBan, ito Bcaicaa jierajiBHaa fltaTejiBHOCTB bi> 
/fyMi MoateTt coBepniaTLCfl jraniB Bt npefl'fejrax'B 
cjiyaceHia peaKu,iH, mh 6y^eMt pa3CMaTpnBaTB Bca- 
Kyio nonHTKy pafioTH bt> npe^Jiaxt nojioaceHia o 
Tocy^apcT. ^yMi, Kaira 3aroBopi> npoTHBt Hapo^a 
h peBOJuon,iH)). (TpoMKie h npo,a;o.ii3KHTe:iBHBie Kpn- 
kh cnpaBa: «9to He B*fepHo!» «Bbi caMH co^ihhhjik 
9Ty pe30Jiion,iio!)) «9Ta pe30Jnou,ia 6HJia npHHaTa 
no noBO,uy ByjiHrHHCKoft ^yMBi!)) npe^cfeflaTejii> 
Tm;eTHO cTapaeTca B03CTaH0BHTB cnoKoftcTBie. 06- 
panjaacB ira neMy, opaTopi* tobophtb: (c^aftre nwh 
noKpnqaTt; Kor,a,a ohh KOH^arB, a 6y,n,y npo^oji- 
;KaTB».) Bh roBopHTe, ^to a cans* coqHHHJTB 3Ty 
pe30JHoii,iio 5 (noiea3BiBaa pe30Jnou,iio npncyTCTBypo- 
mpwb). Botb 0Ha, 9Ta pe30jnonia. CicamHTe TaKHce, 
^to a He tojibko co^hhhjtb ee, ho h reKTorpa<|)Hpo- 

BaJTB. Ho BH CaMH He B^pHTe TOMy, HTO T0BO- 

pHTe. A qTo KacaeTca KpHKa: «9Tape30Jiioipa6Bi- 
;ia npHHaTa Ha3BaHHBiM'B KOMHTeTOM'B no noBO^y 
ByjiHrHHCKoft flyMH» f to b^b owl BOBce He onpo- 
BepraeTi MeHa. Pe30jnon,ia yTBep^ae'TB, ^to ecn- 
mn jierajiBHaa fliaTeJiBHOCTB b-b Rywb ecTB 3aro- 

B0pT> npOTHBT* HapO^a H peBOJIK)Il,iH. A 3T0 *IH- 

| crfeftHiifi: aHapxH3Mt, He3aBHCHM0 ott> Toro, Kor^a 

I HMeHHo 6BiJia npHHaTa 3Ta pe30Jnon,ia. H 9totb-to 

i aHapxH3M*B BHpa3HJica 3^icB b*b tomt> ynpeirfj, *ITO 

I^epeTejin h ftpyrie HaniH TOBapHm,H b*b ^yMfe 

cuhhikom'b oxotho CTaHOBaTca Ha 3aKOHHyio no^By. 



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— 39 — 

yTBepamaioTL ^.ajte, *ito Hauia (JpaKiija, Tpe- 
6ya napjiaMeHTCKoft aHKeTH, aojraoia 6n;ia H3Jio- 
jkhtb h t6 TaKTH^ecKifl coofipaacema, kotophh no- 
oyacjjaioTB ee BBiCTaBJiaTB TaKoe Tpe6oBame. Ho h 

3T0 nyCTHKH. fljIH HaCB CaMHXB, KOHe^HO, Ba3KHO 

3HaTB, no^ceMy iiMeHHO mh BHCTaBJiaeMB bb ^y- 
Mi to hjih '^pyroe Tpe6oBame. Ho HfeB piiira- 

TeJIBHO HHKaKOft HaflOSHOCTH TOBOpHTB RmyT&T&Wb 

^pyraxB napxifi: mli TpeSyeMB axoro noTOMy, ^to 
TaKOBB xapaETepB Hanieft TaKTHKH. JJenyTaTaMB 
#pyrHXB napTift h^tb #0 3Toro anomoMy nmo)) poB- 
ho HintaKoro ^tjia. 

Bli, KaKB bh,h,ho, xoTHTe, qTo6u HaniH #yM- 
CKie TOBapHin,H yno#o6jiajiHCB bb cbohxb pi^axB 
TOMy njioxoMy TpanraecKOMy aKTepy, KOTopeft ,h,oji- 

3KeHB ()BIJIB BOCKJIHKHyTB* 

He no^xo^H ko mrfe 

(cb oTBaroft), 
He to 3aK0JiK) Te6a ceio 
(ninarofl). 
h KOTopHft, 3ayqiiB r B Ha naMaTB to, ito 6hjio Ha- 
neqaTaHO bb CKoSicaxB ^Jia coScTBeHHaro pyKOBO#- 
CTBa, rpoMorjiacHo npnfiaBHJiB cjrfe,nyK)in;ia bb cko6- 
KaxB cjiosa: «yKa3BiBaa Ha o3epo», t. e. Ha uina- 
ry. Mbi He oxothhkh ,0,0 TaKoro HCKyccTBa! 

T. JlnfiepB 6hjib npaBB, KOiyja CKa3aJiB, too 

TOB. n. AJI. BB CBOeft KPHTHK* ^HTeJIBHOCTII 

$paKDJH o^eHB iirapoico pa3MaxHyjica, a y^apnjiB 
cobc^mb cjiafio. Kor^a a npooiyniajiB #0 KOHija 
pi^B tob. n. Ajl, a no^yMajiB to aee caMoe, 
11 MHi no^eMy-TO BcnoMHHJiacB Ta Kyn^nxa y Oct- 
poBCKaro, KOTopaa tobophtb CBoeft cjiyaeaHidr. «H 



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— 40 — 

Bceiyi;a th TaKT>; CHaqaaa HanyraeniB jo carepTH, 
a noTOMT> CKamemL KaKoft-HHfiy^B BSflopi.)) 

ToBapnm,H 6ojiBineBHKH npo#oji3KaioT'B ynpeicaTB 

IiaCB Bl> TOMT>, ^TO MBI OTKJIOHHJIHCL OTT> npemfi 

o TeKymeMij MOMeirrfe. Mbi ^McTBHTejiBHo c^jia- 
jih 3T0. SL yace hm^jtb cjiy^afl cKa3aTB BaarB, no- 

^eMY MBI 3T0 Cfl'kJiaJIH. SI } T 3Ke CKa3aJI , B, qTO 3TG 
np0H30HIJI0 OTHIOftB He 1131, 60fl3HH BCTpiTHTBCJI CB 

6ojn>iueBHKaMH Ha r reopeTH*iecKoft norai*. TenepB a 
npn6aBJno bot^ too. IIoJiB3yflCB 6ojibhihhctbomt> ro- 

JIOCOB'Bj BEL XOT^JJIH 3aCTaBHTB OB'fe.H'B npHHHTB BafflT. 

peBOJiiouioHHHft KaTexH3HCB, no,a;o6Ho TOM} T , KaiCB 
bt> XVII B'feK'fe aHrjiiftcKift napjiaMeHTB cocTaBjrajTB 
no SojiBHiHHCTBy tojiocob'b aHrjiiftcidft prayer book, 

T. e. MOJIHTBeHHHK'B. Mh He XOTHMT* MOJIHTBCH no 

BanieMy. Y naci* ifkwb Menfee noBo^OBt xot^tb 

3T0r0, TOO Bfc Cym,HOCTH BBI OTOHB HeyCTOftqHBBI 
BT> CBOHX-B peBOJIIOI],iOHHBIX r b BSrJIflflaX'B. (KpHKH 

cnpaBa: «Oro!») ^a, otchb HeycTofttniBEi! H Bon 
BaM-B BecBMa Harjia^Hoe ,n,0Ka3aTejiBCTB0. 

TenepB bh o6BHHneTe HacB bt> tomt>, too mei 
6y^To HSM^Hnjin pe30Jnon,iaM , B, hphhhthm'b HanraMT> 

CTOKrOJIBMCKHM'B CBfe^OMfc. Ho TyTT> HaMT> GhJOYh 

vexowb HarnHM-B aee ^ofipoMT,. CTOKroJiBMCKia pe3o- 
JiionJH BBipa6oTaHH HaMH, MeHBineBHicaMH. H Kor- 
#a mbi npe^JiarajiH hxt> bb CTOKrojiBMi, 6ojn>me- 
bhkh Ha3BiBajiH hxt> onnopTioHHCTHqecKHMH. A Te- 
nepB ohh Haxo^HT^, too 3to xoponiia pe30Jnon,iH H 

liaCTOft^HBO TpeSyiOTt OTT* HaCT> B^jpHOCTH HM'B. 

Bij^B eoiH 3th pe30jnon,iH ci> Bauieft to*ikii 3pfe- 
hjh xoponin, to jiio^h, npe,a,Ji03KHBniie hxt>, He Mor- 
jih 6htb npii3HaHH — ct> Toft me to^kh 3p*fc- 



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— 41 — 
Hia — onnopTioHHCTaMii. Ho bt> tomb-to h ^*ji«, 

^TO BBI H3Mi5HHJIHCB CO BpeMeHH CTOKrOJIBMCKarO 

cB$3,a;a. 

B-B CTOKrOJIBMt, B03CTaBafl HpOTHBB 6oftKOTH- 

CTOBTb, mh roBopujiH, ^to con,iaji,n,eMOKpaTia, bb 
HHrepecaxB noJiHTiraecKaro BoenHTama Hapo^a^ flOJi- 
atHa mraHOM-fepHO ncnojiB30BaTB bc6 kohcJjihkth, 
B03HHKaK>mie KaKB Meatfly npaBHTejiBCTBOMT* h JJy- 
Moft, TaKB h BHyTpa caMoft ^yMH, bt> HHTepecaxB 
pacnmpema h yraygjieHia pycjia peBOJnon,ioHHaro 
flBHaceHia. ^jia 3Toro, tobophjih mbi, eft cji^yerB 
ofiocTpaTB h pacninpaTB 3th kohcJjihktbi, CTapaacB 

BB KaatflOMT* flaHHOMB CJiy^at CBH3HBaTB HOJIHTH- 

TOCKia 3a,o;a*iH RBHateHia cb con,iain>HO-3KOHOMHqe- 
ckhmh TpefioBamaMH pafio^efta KpecTBaHCKOftMaccH. 
CocTaBJieHHyK) bt> 3tomb pyx* pe30jnon,iK) o6b 
OTHomemn kb TocyflapcTBeHHofi ^yM* 6ojn>nieBH- 
kh rpomiJiH TOiyja, KaKB He^ocTofiHyio peBoaio- 
njomiaro npojreTapiaTa. TenepB ohh Haxo^aTB ee 
flocToftHoft 9Toro ate caMaro npojieTapiaTa. JIcho, 
^ro SojiBineBHKH yate He rfe, h ^to ohh 0TKa3a- 

JIHCB OTB HkROTOpBLO* H3T> CBOHXT> TOr^aniHHXB 

saSjiyatflemft. ^to ate KacaeTca Hamero MHHMaro 
OTKJioHeHia otb 3Toft pe30JiK)ii,iH, to oho npeflCTaB- 
jiaeTX co6oft TOCTfeftmift BHMHcejiB. 

Bt> CTOKrojiBM* a TaKB (JopMyjinpoBajiB cboS 
B3raaflB: «T. Py^emto CKa3ajiB, *ito bb KOMncciii 
ohb (JopMyjrapoBajiB HamB cnopB cjiOBaMn: HaMB 

HaflO p^HIHTB, CTOHTB JIH flyMa Ha CTOJlSOBOft #0- 

porfe peBoaK)n,iH, h ^to Ha stotb bohpocb t. Jle- 

HHHB OTB'feTHJTB: HfeTB. 9T0 BB CaMOMB ]!$]& 6h- 

jio TaKB. H 3to xopouio xapaKTepH3HpyeTT» pa3Hii- 



V 



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— 42 — 

■f u,y HauiHXB B3rnfl f a;oB r b. IIo HauieMy, JJyMa ctoht'b 
Ha fiojitnioft ,a,oporfe peBoaiouiH. He oifyiyeTB 06- 
xojjhtb ee. JleHHHB roBopnTB: bb flyM* MHoro 

HaHBHHXB KpeCTtaHB, KOTOpHe pflflOMB CB CaMHMH 
JttTCKHMH TpeGOBaHiflMH BHCTaBJIHIOTB pa^HKajiB- 

Hoe TpefioBame oraocHTejiBHO 3eMJiH. 9to b*pho; 

HO KaKB me OTHeCTHCB KB 3THMB KpeCTBflHaMB? 
OCTaBHTB JIH HXB Ha 3KepTBy HXB HOJIHTH 1 ieCKHX r B 

npe^paacy^KOBBj Ha acepTBy hxb nojiHTHqecKOft 

HaHBHOCTH, HUH H03a60THTBCfl TOMB, *IT06H BT> 

npon,eccfe 6opb6h pa3pyniHJiHCB 3th npe^pa3cy^KH; 

a H03a60THTBCH 06b 3T0MB HeJIB3H, HOBepHyBEIHCB 
CnHHOft KB ^yM*. Ta3eTH pa3CKa3HBaJIH KaKB-TO 

o KpecTBaHaxB, KOTopne roBopHUH CBoeMy ^enyTa- 
Ty: «Th H^,emB wb JJyMy, yMpn ace TaMB 3a Hanie 
j^jio, a ecjiH hsm^hhuib HaMB, to He B03Bpam,aft- 
ca .noMoft, mh Te6a sfl'fecB y6BeMB». HeyacejiH bh 
He noHHMaeTe, mto mh o6fl3aHH ho^oAth BHJiOTHyio 

KB 3THMB JIIOflflMB, *ITO MH 06H3aHH HpHHflTB 
y^aCTie BO BCfeB T^XTb KOH(|>JIHKTaXB, KOTopne OHH 

CjyjyTB nepeacHBaTB, h BOcnojiB30BaTBCH bthmh 

KOH$JIHKTaMH flJIfl pa3BHTifl HXTb HOJIHTH^eCKarO 

caM0C03HamH. Kor,a,a TaKie jho^h oTKaacyTca ors 

CBOeft HOJIHTH^eCKOft HaHBHOCTH, a OHH OTKaatyTCHOTTb 

Hen bb npoH,eccfe 6opb6h h Sjiaroflapa 6opB6 , fe, 
Tor^a JJyMa nepepocTeTB caMa ce6a, h Tor.ua npo6BeTi> 
^acB ,h,jih co3HBa y^pe^HTeJiBHaro Co6pama»*). 

3 h TenepB cTporo ^epmycB 9Toro bstjisi^sl. H 
ecjiH 6h bh cnpocHJiH t.t. IJepeTejra, ^sKanapHfl- 



*) ripoTOKOJiu 06BeflHHHT. CB*fe3fla PocciftcKOH Co- 
qiajifleMOKpaTHHecKOH Pa6oneH riapTiH. CTp. 247. 



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F 



— 43 — 



3e h jypyrnx'b MeHLffleBHKOFB-^enyTaTOB'B, pa3,nt- 
afliorB jih ohh 3T0TB Bsraafli, Ha rocy#apcTBeHHyio 
^yMy, KaKt Ha opyjtfe nojiHTH^ecKaro BoenHTaHifl 

HapO^KHXt MaCCB, TO OHH, 6e3!> BCHKarO COMfffemH, 

cKa3ajiH 6h, tto coBepmeHHO pa3,a, , fejiHK)T'L. Mu-to 

OCTaJEHCB TaKHMH HCe, KaKHMH 6EL1H Bl> CTOKTOJIBM'fc, 

a BOTL T. n. Aji. chjibho h3M$hhjich: BT* 

CTOKrOJEBM* OHT> 6BLTL O^eHB ropflqHM'B 60ftR0TH- 
CTOMT>, a TenepB Offb, nOBH,H#MOMy, COBCtMi HOKH- 

Hyjit Hji;eio 6oftKOTa. (IT. Aji. roBopErrb ^to-to 
ct> cBoero M^CTa). HcTopia pa36epeTT>, kto 6bltb 
npaBt h kto onraSajicfl. Ho Ha^o tobophtb, kto 
wo roBopii-it; Ha^o OT^aTB Kaac^OMy to, *ito eMy 
npHHa^jieacHTi,. 

HMeHHO noTOMy, ^lto a npo^ojiacaio TBep^o 

CTOflTB Ha CBOefi CTOKTOJIBMCKOft TOWfc 3p*HiH, H 

npe^ioacHJi'b ((nojmoBjacTHyio J^yMj)) bt> KaqecTBi 

H36HpaTeJIBH0ft H;iaT<|)OpMH. BOJIBUieBHKH yBH^JIH 

bt> 9tomt» npe^iOHcemH HOBoe ,n;0Ka3aTejiBCTB0 
Moero onnopTK)HH3Ma, a tob. II. Aji. CKa3ajrb 
spfbch, ^to moio njiaT<|>opMy ci> npesptmeMT* OTBepr.ia 
M6epajEE>Haa 6ypacya3ia. TaKT> jih 3to, tob. II. 
Aji.? To*mo jih ct npe3p , feHieM , B? Eo^eMy ot- 
Beprjia JiHfiepajiBHaa 6ypacya3ia moio HJiaTfJopMy? 
IIoTOMy ^to OHa yBHfl^jia bt> Heft «nceB f o,OHHM r B 
y^pe^HTejiBHaro Cofipama)), KaKL BLipa3HJiCH o,hhht> 
H3i> en nyfijiHi^HCTOBij. A KaKt othochtch Jin6e- 
pajiLHaa 6ypacya3ia kb Y^pe^TeJiBHOMy Co6pa- 
Hiio: ci» npesptmeM^ hjih me co cTpaxoM^? Ka- 
aceTCH, ^to HMeHHO co CTpaxoMi>. Crajio 6bitb, h 
koh) n.iaT(J)opMy ? TpefioBaBmyio y^pe^TejiBHaro Co- 
6pama 3 xoth 6li h nojvB nceB^OHHMOMT), 6ypacya3ia 



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— 4:4: — 

OTBeprjia co CTpaxoM?>, a He ct> npesptmeirL. Ecjih 
Haina 6ypatya3ia SoiiTca y^pe^HTejiBHaro Co6pa- 
Hifl ? to TfeMt xyace fljia Hea. 

Mbi o6fl3aHH pa3i>acHHTB Hapo^y, no^eMy OHa 
ero SoiiTCfl. H nocKOJiBKy mbi no,HBHHeMT> Bnepe^t 
pa3BHTie ero co3Hama, pobho nocTOJiBKy mbi 6yfleMT> 

flMCTBOBaTB B'B flyx* CTOKrOJIBMCKOft pe30JIK)I^iH. 

Ho bI^b ^to SHa^HT-B, qTO a, npejpomHBinift jio- 
3yHFB: anojiHOBJiacTHaa^yMa)), .nan-B HainHM'B npaK- 
THKaMi> npeKpacHBift noBO^ ;pa B03#feftcTBia Ha 
Hapo^ bi» yKasaHHOMi* pe30Jnoii,iefl ayx*. Tp$ ace 

MOft OnnopTH)HH3M r B? 

3p$o>h to h oSHapymiiBaeTca cb nopa3HTe;iBHoft 
acHOCTBK) npaBHjiBHOCTB c/j'fejiaHHaro AKCeJIBpO^OMl. 
saMfriamn o tomt>, *ito KOiyja mbi npe^aeM^ aHa- 
sen* Ka.neTOB'B,, to Hania aHaoeMa enje He HMieTB 
o6a3aTeJiBHoft chjih b'b raasaxi, MaccH. 

BoJIBHieBHKH, KOTOpHe XOTa H H3M*HHJIHCB CO 

BpeMeHH cTOKrojiBMCKaro CB^a, ho em,e ,najieKO 

He yCBOHJIH Cefit HpaBHJIBHBIX'B TaKTHTOCKHX'B B03- 

3p r £mft, s'fejiaioT'B b'b hojihthk^ Ty caMyio omn6Ky, 
KOTopaa b'b jiormri} Ha3BiBaeTca petitio principii: 

KaK'B HSB^CTHO, 3Ta OHUfSKa COCTOHTB B'B TOM'B, 

^to qejiOB'feK'B onnpaeTca, Kaicb Ha ,n;oKa3aHHoe, Ha 

TaKoe nojioaceme, KOTopoe em,e Ha,n;o ji;oKa3aTB. 

IIoflofiHO 3T0My TaKTHKa SoJiBnieBHKOB'B npednoja- 

laerm bt> Hapo,ivfe Tanyio CTeneHB nojiHTH^ecKaro 

C03Hama, na nomopyw hcim* eiu,e nyotcno nodunmb 

eio ceoeii aiumau,ifflo. PyccKift KpecTBamnrB... (KpHKt 

/ co cKaMBii 6ojiBineBHKOB r B: «bbi ero He bh^Mh))). 

I CjiymafiTe, nro a roBopio! PyccKift KpecTBHHHH'B 

\ He 3HaerB, *ito TaKoe y^peflHTejiBHoe CoSpame no 



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— 45 — 

Toft npooroft npH^HHt, ^to ohb He H3yqajrb hcto- 
piH Bejimtofl (|)paHi^y3CKoft peBOJHOnjH. Ero Ha^o 
emp npueecmu kb Hflefc y^pe^HTejiBHaro Cofipama, 
Hajo c^jiaTt 3Ty H^eio Harjia^Hoft, TaKB CKa3aTB, 
HensC-femHoft ajih Hero. 

Ho eMy, He 3Haiom,eMy, ^to TaKoe yqpe,nHTejiB- 
Hoe Cofipairie, jerKO hohhtb, too TaKoe noiraoBJia- 
CTHaa ,HyMa, h Koiyja ohb HaraeTB fiopBfiy 3a Ta- 
Kyio ^yMy, ohb Sy^erB cospfeaTB h ;pa ycBoe- 
Hia H^eH y^pe^HTejiBHaro Cofipama, noTOMy ^ra 
it^B h Ha caMOMB fbjrb TaKaa ^yata, KOTopaa 
HMijia 6h nojinyio ejuwmt,, oSjia^aJia 6h BJiacTBio 
Ype^HTejiBHaro CofipaHia, 6bua 6u manoeuMZ. HaMB 
Ha^o homhhtb ocHOBHoe noaoaceme HCTopHqecKaro 
MaTepiajiH3Ma: He co3HaHie onpe^iJiaeTB cofioio fin- 
Tie, a fiHoie onpe^feiaeTB cofioio co3Hame. 

^BHHeMB Hapo^Hyio Maccy Ha TaKyio ,n;opory r 
KOTopaa Be^eTB kb yqpe^HTejiBHOMy Cofipamio, h 
eio nocTeneHHo yacHHTca H^ea TaKoro CofipaHia. 

BM*CTO TOR), ^TOfiH TOBOpHTB peBOJHOHJOHHBia 

$pa3H, CTapaftTecB nocTaBHTB Maccy bb TaKoe no- 
jHTEraecKoe nojioo/ceuie, KOTopoe peBOJHon,ioHH3Hpo- 
Bajio 6h ea nojiHTH^ecKoe comauie. Bb stomb Bca 
* TaflHa ycnfexa. 

MapKCB TOBOPHTB rfl'fe-TO, TOO TaKTHKa (J)paH- 

ny3CKaro KOHBeHTa npe^cTaBJiaeTB cofioio MaaKB, 
kb KOTopoMy ^ojukhbi ofipanjaTBca, bo BpeMa peBO- 

JKOI^OHHBLXB fiypB, B30pLI peBOJUOI^OHepOBB BCfeCB 
BpeMeHB H HapOflOBB. OHB HM^B BB BH^ r , KO- 
He^HO, TaKTHKy MOHTaHBapOBB. Ho MOHTaHBapH 
yM^JIH HOJl^O^HTB KB MaCCfe. Pa3CKa3BIBaiOTB, TOO 

^yTB jih He HaKaHyH* B3aTia TiojiBepn, PofiecnBepa 



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I 



— 46 — 

•cnpocHJiH, pecnyfijiHKaHeij.'L jih ohb. He acejiaa 3a- 
nyrHBaTB cbohxt, cJiymaTejieft, enje He OKOHqa- 
TejiBHO pasfltjiaBrnHxca cb MOHapxHqecKHM'B npefl- 

pa3Cy r HK0M'L, OffB OCTOp03KHO OTBtTHUt: a 3a caMO- 

^epacaBie Hapo,a;a. (Kphkb cnpaBa: cototb fydLwrb 
He B^peHi)))). 06t> dTOWb fyaurb, KaKT> <£aKTfe, 

CHOPHTB 3^CB Hey^OfiHO. Il03T0My H OCTaBJIH) H 

9Tott> (JaKTt h caMoro PoSecntepa, h cohijiiocb Ha 
qejioBfea, ropa3.no 6ojrfee 6jiH3Karo kt> Ham*, He- 
HcejiH MOHTaHBapH — Ha Haniero yraTejia 9HrejiBca. 
Bi> iiOH* 1887 ro^a SHrejiBCB HHcant Kb 3opre: 
((Maccti yqaTCH tojibko 6jiaro,a;apa nocjrfejjcrBiaM'B 

CBOHXT> C06CTBeHHBIX r B OIUHfiOKB)). B'B flpyroMT. M*- 

cr& (nncBMO kb 3opre otb 29 Hoa6pa 1886 ro^a) 
oht> roBopHTt: «qTo6Bi pa3BHBaTBca 5 Maccti .hoihkhbi 

HM^TB BpeMH H B03M03KHOCTB, a B03M03KHOCTB OH* 

noJiy^aroTT, jihhib Tor^a, Koiyja onfe hm^iotb cbog 
co6cTBeHHoe flBHaceme, b*b kotopomt, oh* TOJiKaioTca 
Bnepefl'B h yMy^paiOTca ohbitom'b, fijiaro^apa cbohm'b 
oniH6KaMi> h noTepaM-B)). 

B-b npHMtaeHiH ki> rocy^apcTBeHHoft Rywb 

9T0 3UamiTb, WTO TOJIBKO OHHTT> — H HMeHHO OnBlTB 

cb 3Tofi JfyMoft — yMyflpHTB Maccy h 3acTaBHTB ee 
} t cbohtb ceS-fe HamH noJiHTH^ecKie B3rjiaflBi. HyacHO, 
qToSu Hapofli» yBEjckra fljyity bt> ea noJiHTine- 
ckomt> ^McTBin; Heo6xo,n;HMO, ^to6h oh^ nepeacnjn> 

BCfe KOH$JIHKTBI Ji^MU CB HpaBHTeJIBCTBOM'B. TOJIBKO 

Tor^a oh-b Sy^eTx ^ocTaTO^rao ((yMy^peHB)) ohbi- 
tomi>; tojibko Tor^a OT^foiaeTca ohi> otx rfexs 
HJiJiK)3ift, KOTopBia CBa3BiBaK)Tca y Hero cb hu- 
nrbuineii Hauieft KOHCTHTyn,ieft. MaccBi yqaTca tojibko 
6jraro,n;apa nocjrfe.ncTBiaM'B cbohxi> co6cTBeHHBix , B 



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— 47 — 

oihh6okt>, tojibko nocpe^cTBOM'L ontiTa. Bbi ate, 
6ojrbmeBHEH, xoTHTe 3aM$HHTB n;jia MaccH stotb 
Heo6xo,HHMEift onHTi* peBOJnon,ioHHoft <$pa3eojiorieft. 
Bu 3a6BiBaeTe CKa3aHHoe t£mb ace SHrejEBcoM-B o 
tomt>, tto bb %bjrb peBOJnoijioHHoft $pa3eojioriH 
aHapxHCTH yate coBepnrajiH Bee qenoB^ecitH B03- 

MOSKHOe, TaKB TOO HaMt HeJIB3H KOHKypHpOBaTB CB 
HHMH. (AnJIO.UHCMeHTH). 

Hama TaitTHKa, TaKB chjibho B03Mym,aioin;afl 
BacB, npe^CTaBJineT'B cofioio nocni^OBaTejiBHoe npn- 
MiHeHie ochobhhxb nojioateHift HCTopnqecKaro Ma- 
Tepiajra3Ma kb peBOJnon,ioHHOMy BocnnraHiio Ha- 
po,a;a. B*b OroKrojiBM-fe a tobopiutb, ^to rocy,n,ap- 
eTBeHHaa ^yata flojiatHa nocjiyatHTB opy^ieM-B Ha- 

pOJJHarO BOCHHTaHifl, Cpe^CTBOMt BHflCHeHiH Ha- 

po,ay Toro, KaKOio jjojiacHa 6bitb HyatHaa ,h;jih Hero 
KOHCTHTyn,ia. Mh* B03paaeajra t.t. BHHTepB h 

OpJIOBCKift. OHH rOBOpHJIH, WTO peBOJIK)II,iOHHOe BO- 

cnHTaHie Hapo^a yoice 3aK0H^eH0; too Boopyatemioe 
B03CTaHie npencTaBJiHerB cofioio yoice flocTHrHyTyio 
CTyneHB Hamero peBOJiioi^OHHaro flBHacema — no^;- 
jraHHoe BtipaaceHie BnHTepa— h too oho TenepB 

eCTB ftfolO H'feCKOJIBKHX'B MiCflljeBB. 9TH H^CKOJIBEO 

H'fecan.eB'B flaBHO nponura, a Boopyatemiaro B03CTa- 
Hin Bee b^tl h h^tb. Kto ace 6bijtb npaBi>? S, 
hjih t.t. BHHTept h OpuoBCKift? IIocjr& pa3roHa 

^yMBE T. JTeHHHB HHCaJTB, TOO HapOflB, T. e. HIH- 

poKia MaccH, em,e He ;nopocB bi* Maccfe— TaKB bh- 
pa3HJica stotx TOBapnm;B — #0 C03HaTejiBH0fi peBO- 
jnoijioHHOft .n^aTejiBHOCTH kb 1906 ro^y, h too 
Hapo^y em;e 6hjib HyaceH'B ohhtb Ka^eTCKoft flyMH. 
Em;e pa3B, kto ate 6butb npaB-B bi> OroKrojiBM'fe? 



\ 



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48 



Ho jaate toti> ace JTemnrt micaji'L, ^to TenepB 
Hapoflt yace ycBOHJTL ceSi H,n;eio yqpejjHTejiBHaro 
Gofipama h ^lto, bi> BH,ny 9Toro, MoacHO Ha3Ha- 
^htl BoopyaceHHoe B03CTaHie Ha cepe^iray hjih Ha 
icemen,* aBrycTa. H 3to HarjiaflHO noKa3HBaeTL f 
KaicL Majio noHflju. t. JIeHHH'& Torflanmee HacTpoe- 
Mie Hapo^a. Bee %kJio 6ujio Bt Tom>, ^sto peBo- 
jionjoHHoe B03CTaHie 6hjio .najieKO enje He 3aK0H- 
icho; ^to ero Heo6xo,n,HMO 6hjio npo^ojiacaTB h 
Hpo^ojiacaTB, Meac^y npo^HMt, Taicace h nocpe#- 

CTBOM1, HOBOft JfyWA. T. JleHHH'L 0Ka3aJICH Jiace- 

HpopoKOM'L, noflofiHO BiiHTepy h OpjioBCKOMy. y 
HacL, kt> coacajrfeHiio, jno6arb npopo^ecTBOBaTB, 
Hpn qeirb npopo^ecTByiomie TOBapmip hhckojibko 
He cMymaioTcn, KOiyja nocji'fe.nyiomia cofiHTia no- 

KaSHBaiOT*, ^TO HXTb HpopO^eCTBa fiilJIH JIOaCHBI. 

Ohh He noxoacn Ha 6n6jieftcKaro npopoKa IoHy, 
KOTopHft, pa3i> 0Ka3aBmHCB jiacenpopoKOMi, HO 0THO- 
inemio kb cyflLfit IforaeBiH, no^iyBCTBOBaJTB ce6a, 
KaKTb bh 3HaeTe, CKOH<|>yaceHHHM , B flo caMofi no- 
cjit^Hefi cTeneHH. 
\ BojiBHieBHKH HflyT* no nyTH peBOJiioii,ioHHaro 
I aBaHTK>pH3Ma. Ohh Taire> othochtch k/b HaMx, Kant 

|OTHOCHJiaCB H^KOrfla Bt 00103* KOMMyHHCTOB'B 

(JpaKiya BnjiJiHxa-IIIannepa ktb $paKH,in MapKca. 
EnJurnxB h IHannept TpeGoBajra HeMe^JieHHaro 
((BHCTynjiemii)); ohh. no cJiOBaMB Mapicca, roBO- 
Phjih: «mh aojdkhh TenepL ace aocth^l rocnoft- 
CTBa, hjih HaMi> He ocTaHeTca mraero fffejiaTB)), a 
MapKOB yKa3HBajr& hmb Ha Heno^roTOBJieHHOCTB 
H , feMeH,Karo npojieTapiaTa h o6BHHHjn> hxi> btb tomtb, 
qTO, noflofiHO ^eMOKpaTaM^j ohh Ha m^cto peBOjno- 






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— 49 — 

uioHHaro pa3BHTia no^CTaBJiajiH peBOJUonjoHHEia 
$pa3H. 

Ecjih 6u mh npHHajiH ji03yHrB: BoopyaceHHoe 
B03CTame ? to Hann> Hapo/i;B He nomejiB 6h sa HaMH, 
a Meatfly t6mb Bania TaKTHKa mrfejia 6u h6koto- 
pHfl CMHCJTB TOJIBKO BB TOMB cjiy^a*, ecjra 6h 
BoopyaceHHoe B03CTame bb caMOMB ftbiite 6hjio yate 
^ocTHTHyToft CTyneHBH) flBHacema. Botb apirift npn- 
m*pb. He 3aji,ojiro #o OTKptiTia BTopofi ^yMti o,h,hhb 

H3B SOJIBHieBHROBB, HMeHHO T. HeTpB AjL, HH- 

caaB bb ((CgopHMKi nepBOMi>», ^to ecjin flyMa 

OHHTB 6y,H;eTL COCTOHTB BB CBOeMB fiOJIBIUHHCTB'fe 

/H3B JTHQepaJIOBB H OHH BBICTaBHTB OIWITB Tpefio- 

/ BaHie OTBtTCTBeHHarO MHHHCTepCTBa, TO npOTHBO- 

/ ^tficTBOBaTB ocym,ecTBJieHiK) 3Toro Tpe6oBaHia mh, 

J KOHerao, He 6y#eMB, ho bb npoTHBOB-fecB eMy 

• cjrfeflOBajio 6u BticTaBHTB nflfiw o6pa30BaHia peBO- 

j nioHJOHHaro HcnoJiHHTejiBHaro KOMHTeTa H3B Hanieft 

(JpaKnJH (II. Aji. kphtotb: «He BipHo; H3B 

#yMCKofl jti*Boft». OpaTop-B, He pa3CJiHHiaBB 3Toro 

aairircaHifl, tobophtb:) ohb 3Toro He nncajiB? Hy, 

iTaifL a npe^Jiaraio BaMB hochophtb o6b 3tomb co 

Jmhok) bb ne^aTH, a TenepB CKaacy, too 3to h ecTB 

iBaHTiopncTCKaa TaKTHKa HeMe,HJieHHaro npn3HBa 

cb B03CTamio. H jik),h;h, peKOMeH^yion^ie TaKie npn- 

'3LIBH, ccmiaioTca Ha MapKca! Ho MapKCB tobo- 

PHJib cobcSmb He to, ohb roBopnjiv. «CHa*iajia 

BoenHTaflTe Maccy, a noTOMB 30BHTe ee kb bbi- 

CTynjiemK))). 

Botb KaKOBH t* He3pfoiHH, 3anyTaHHLia Hflen, 
bo HMa KOTopBixB BaMB npejtaaraioTB ocy,n,HTB 
^•feaTejiBHocTB Hameft $paKn,iH bb JJyM'fe: t. e. co- 



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— 50 — 
BepmHTL Kpynirfeftmyio nojiHTH^ecKyK) oimifiKy. JI 

He 3HaK), COrJiaCHTCH JIH Ha 3T0 60JIBniHHCTBO 

CT/fe3,u,a. Ho ecjiH corjiacHTca, to nycTB homhhtb 
oho, *rro dTKWb GyneTt 0Ka3aHa oqeHB 6ojiBHias 
ycjiyra peaKn,in h Tofi caMoft 6yp3Kya3in, ct ko- 
Topoft oho xo^eTt BoeBaTt. KaifB jieo^h ^Hcn,nn- 
jihhh, mh, KOHe^Ho, npeKJiOHHMCH nepejj'B HOCTa- 
HOBjieHieM r b CBfe^a; ho 3thmi> nocTaHOBJieHieMt 
CBfesKb He Majio ne ySiflHTt Hac/B b-b CBoeft npa- 
Borfe. Mh Sy^eMi* npoflOJiaeaTB cwraTB 9to ero 
nocTaHOBneHie Kpynfffeftmeft omnfiKoft. H b'b 3tomt> 
cjiy^a* ct HaMH corjiacHTca BecB pa6o*rift HHTep- 

HaHJOHaJTB. KpOM* CHHflHKa.KHCTOB'B H aHapXHCTOB1>, 
BaCB pfeUHTeJIBHO HHKTO He OflOfipHTB. (Anjro,pic- 
MeHTH MeHBHieBHKOB'B H SyHflHCTOB'B. 



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51 



3ac1>AaHie 23-e. 

(06z omHoaieniu kz 6ypo/cya3HUMZ napmiHMz) 

IIjiexahobt*. ToBapnm;H! a Ha*ray cboio pi^b 
o^hhmi> qacTHHM r f> 3&wb*ia,E.iewb TepMHHOJiorH^e- 
CKaro CBoficTBa. 

Tob. JleHHH'L Hanajra Ha ((IIjiexaHOBCKyK))) «Co- 
BpeMeHHyio ,2Kh3Hb», KOTopaa 6y#TO 6h nocToaH- 
HO TOBOpHTTb nOJIHTHTOCKOMT* peajnreM'fe. 9to He 
B'fepHO (paKMimecnu. 51 HHKor^a He roBopnjrb o no- 

JIHTH^eCKOMT* peaJIH3M^. H eCJIH 6H TOB. JleHHH'L 

6hjtb He coBC'fcM'B 6e33a6oTeHi» no qacTH $hjioco- 
<J>iH, to owb 3Hajn> oli, ^to a He Mory ynoTpeS- 

JlflTB TepMHHl> ((peaJIHSMl))). TepMHHOM'L 3THMT> chjib- 

ho 3JioynoTpe6jiHK)TT> bt> $HJioco$iH h mh, MaTepia- 

JIHCTLI, — a, KaKT> BaMI> H3BtCTH0, MaTepiaJIHCTI>, 
— OTHOCHMCH KT> HeMy CT> OOJILHIHMT, He ( U,OB'fepieMT>. 

TaieL ocHOBaTejiBHH JleHiiHCKia HanajpcH! Bnpo- 

^LeMTb, eCJIH HOHHMaTB TepMHHl> peajorcMB b-b TOftTB 

cmhcjt6, bi> KaKOMTb ero ynoTpefiHJi'L sfl^Gb t. JIh- 
6epi», to, KOHe^HO, h a peajiHCTB. JlnSepL roBo- 
Phtt>: Hauia TaKTHKa ^ojiatHa ocHOBHBaTBca Ha pe- 

^JIBHOM'L COOTHOHieHiH 06ffl,eCTBeHHHXT) chjtb, a He 

Ha cyO'BeKTHBHHX'B 3KejiaHiaxT> HauinxT,. 9to Heo- 

CHOpHMO. OflHaKO, B^fe^B 9T0 TO H eCTB MapKCHCT- 

CKaa TaKTHKa; MapKCHCTCKaa ace TaKTHKa ecTB TaK- 
THKa coepeMenuuxz MamepiaAucmoez. 9toS TaKTHKH 
mh Bcer.ua flepmajracB h HMeHHO 3thmt> B£i3biBanH 
ney^OBOJiBCTBie Hanrax'L hpothbhhkob'l. IIpaB^a, 
Haci> ynpenaiOT'L TenepB He 3a MapKCH3M'L, a bo 
umh MapKCH3Ma. T. Po3a JlK)KceM6yprL yTBep- 



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52 



MR&eTbj qTO mh cocTaBHJiH ce6i5 HSBicTHyio cxeMy 
Ha ocHOBamn fliftcTBift MapKca BB 1847 — 48 r.r. 

HHH 3a *1T0 He XOTHMT* OTCTynHTB OTb 3T0ft CXe- 

mh. H noTOMy mh, no en caoBaMt, caMH aBaa- 

eMCH KaKHMH-TO OKaMeH&IOCTHMH nOHnieHHUMU 

OKaMeH^JiocTaMH; stotb KOMnjiHMeHTB coraacHa Cft*- 
jiaTt HaMi> t. Po3a JIioKceMfiyprB — ho Bce-TaKH 
OKaMeHtjiocTHMH. 9to 6hjio 6h o^eHB atajiB, ho 

TaKB JIH 3T0? IIOCMOTPHM-B. 

KaKoft cxeM* H^erB p^qt y tob. Po3h JIiok- 
ceMfiyprB? 

9Ta cxeMa MoaceTt 6htb BHpaaceHa cjiOBaMn: 
no^n^psKKa npoaeTapiaTOMfc peBOJUoijioHHOft 6ypacy- 
a3in BB HHTepecaxi* peBOJiioniH. H 3Ty cxeMy Po3a 
JIioKceMfiypr'L oCBaBjraeT'b onrafioqHoft. 

Bb 1847 — 48 r.r. MapKCB CTHTajiB 6ypmy- 
a3iio peeoAwti/ionnou h noTOMy — h moAhno noTOMy, 
— coB*TOBajrB npojieTapiaTy htth ph,h;omb cb Heio bb 
ea 6opL6* co CTapHMB nopa,n;KOMB. Ho MapKCB 
oiuu6cuich. TepMaHCKaa 6ypacya3ia He 6njia peBO- 
jnoii,ioHHofi, T6mi> 6ojrfee oinnSaeMca mh, CTHTaa 
peBOJnonjoHHoft pocciftcKyio 6ypacya3iio. TaKB ro- 
BopaTL HaMi>. H TaKT> CKa3ajia t. Po3a JIioKceM- 
6yprB. Ho TyrB o^eHB 6ojiBHioe He,nopa3yM*Hie. 
MapKCB yate bb copokobhxb ro^axB He cmotp^jtb 
Ha repMaHCKyio 6yp3Kya3iio, KaKB Ha peeojiwuiou- 

HUU KJiaCCB. BOTB BaMB R0Ka3aTeJIBCTB0. Bb no- 
JieMHEt cb K. reftHii,eHOMB OWb HHCaJIB: 

((repMaHn,aM , B, KaKB a yace ,n,0Ka3ajiB sto bt> 
cbohxb (<HrbMewO'<fipaHu,y3CKuxz jrbmonucMxz)) , He 
BeseTB Ha oco6nft, xpncTiaHCKO-repMaHCKift Jia^i. 
Ea 6yp3Kya3ia aBHJiacB Ha cu,eHy TaKi> no3,nHO, *rro 



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— 53 — 
OHa HamraaeTfc 6opt6y ct a6cojiK)TH3MOM'L h CTpe- 

MHTCH Kb 3aB0eBaHilO HOJIHTHqeCKOft BJiaCTH Bfc Ta- 
Koft MOMeHTL, Kor^a BO BCfel* paSBHTHX-L CTpa- 
Haxi» 6ypmya3ia yace Be^evb oacecTo^eHHyio CoptCy 
cb paeo^iorb KJiaccoMt h KOiyja es nojraTHqecKia 
HJMK)3iH yme nepe}KHTH Bt eBponeflcKOMt co3Ha- 
HiH. Bi> Hamefl CTpanfe — r^fe enje He yHH^ToaceHa 
nojiHTH^ecKaa thhjil a6cojiK)TH3Ma cb ero npn^aT- 
komb nojiy$eo r a;ajiLHHX'L h cocjiobhlix'l OTHomemfi 
— OT^acTH yate cynjecTByerB, 6jiaro^apH pa3BHTiio 

np0MBimJieHH0CTHH3aBHCHM0CTHrepMaHiH OTB Mi- 

poBoro ptiHKa, HOBiftniaji npoTHBonoaoacHOCTB 
Meatfly Sypatyasieft h npojieTapiaTOM r b h BBree- 
Kaiom;aa mi* Hen 6opt6a, o ^eMB cBH^fcTejiBCTBy- 
k>tb B03CTaHifl pafioraxB bb CuAmu u EoieMiu. 
TaKmrt o6pa30Mt H'feMen.Kaa 6ypacya3ia yate no- 
najia bb aHTaroHH3MB cb npojieTapiaToarB npeatfle, 
*rfeMB OHa opraHH30BajiacB nojiHTH^ecKH, KaicB 
KJiaccTb. BoftHa Meatfly ((noflflaHHHMH)), Hanepe- 

KOpt BCfofB TaMfiaXCKHMlj ntCHflMT*, BCHBIXHyJia 

em,e paHBme, *rfeMB yflaaocB pa3fll5JiaTBCH ob ro- 
cyflapaMH h cb flBopaHCTBOMB. ^toSbi o6i>- 
hchhtb cefit bto nojiHoe npoTHBoptdft nojioate- 
Hie, KOTopoe, pa3yMfeeTCfl, OTpaataeTca h b% b*- 
MeiiKoft jiHTepaTyp*, r. reftmi.eH'B He yMteiTB 
npn^yMaTB Hiraero Jiymnaro, KaKi> cBajiHTB otb^t- 
CTBeHHOcTB 3a Hero Ha cbohxb npOTHBHHKOBB 

H BHCTaBHTB ero pe3J r JIBTaT0Ml» KOHTpTb-peBO- 
JHOIUOHHOft flliflTeJIBHOCTH KOMMyHHCTOBB. Me- 
atfly rbwb fffcMemtie pa6o*rie npeKpacHo SHaiorB, qTo 
a6coaK)TH3MB hh MHHyTy He noKOJiefijieTCfl h He 
MoaterB KOJiefiaTBca nonoTraBaTB hxb, Ha cjiyatd'fe 



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— 54 — 

y 6yp3Kya3iH. 6BraeMi> h nyjiflMH. Ob KaKoft ace CTa- 
th npe^no^JiH 6u ohh rpyQuft rneTi, a6cojnoTHaro 
npaBHTejibCTBa, cl ero nojiy^eo^ajiLHoft o6cTaHOB- 
Koft, Henocpe^cTBeHHOMy rocno,a,CTBy 6yp3Kya3in? 
Pa6o*rie npeKpacHO susootb He tojibko to, mto 6yp- 
mya3ia ^oji^Ha Cy^era c^tjiaTB mn> 6o;rfee 3Ha- 
miTejihnun ycTynKH, ^mt* a6cojiK)TH3M'L ? ho h to, 
^to oHa npoTHB-B cBoefi bojih cos^aerB bt> HHTe- 

peCaX-B COOCTBeHHOfi npOMBUHJieHHOCTH H TOprOBJIH 

no^By ^ifl ciuio^eHifl pa6o*iaro KJiacca; cnjioqeme 
me paooquxT) ecTB nepBoe ycxoBie hxt> noB^Li. Pa- 
6o^ie 3Hai0T*L, ^to yHHTromeme 6ypmya3HBix , B 
HMymecTBeHHtix-B OTHoniemft He ^ocTiiraeTca co- 
xpaHeHiem> $eo r a,ajiLHHx , L. Ohh sHaioTB, *ito pe- 
BOJnon,ioHHoe ^BiiaceHie 6ypacya3in npoTHBT. $eo- 
f a,ajiBHLix , B cocjiOBifi h a6cojiK)THoft MOHapxin mo- 

3KeTB JIHHIB yCKOpilTB HXT) C06CTBeHHOe peBOJIK)- 

ijioHHoe ^BiimeHie. Ohii 3nsaDTb f *rro hxt, co6- 
CTBeHHaa 6opB6a npoTHBT* Sypmyaain uom > eT , b Ha- 
naTBca jiiiHiB bt> totb ,neHB, Koiyja noStflHTx oyp- 
acya3ia. H Bce-TaKii ohh bobcc ne pa3#'fejiHK)T , B 
6yp3Kya3HHX r B Hjuuosift r-Ha reflHii.eHa. Ohh mo- 
ryTT> h .hojimchh npH3HaTB 6yp3Kva3Hyio pe- 
BOJTH)ii,iK) Heo6xoji,HMBiM'B ycjiOBieMT, pa6o^eft pe- 
bojiioiuh. Ho ohh He Moryrt hh Ha o,n;Hy ce- 

KyH,0,y BH^TB BT> Heft CBOH) KOHe*IHyK) H.'fejIB)). 

Mapnch CMOTptJii) Ha tepMancnyio 6yp3Kya3iio 

TaKl>, K&Wb CMOTpHMI> MM Ha pOCCiuCKyW. OWL 
BHpfclTb efl HOJIOBHHqaTOCTB H BCe-TaKH CWTa'JFb 

Heofixo^HMHM^ noflflepacHBaTB ee bt> en xoth 6bi h 

) HOJIOBHHqaTOfl: 6o^h6i CO CTapHMT, HOpfl^KOM'B. HaMTb 

^roBopHTT>: bx to BpeMH repMaHCKoe paSo^ee ,hbh- 



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— 55 — 

aceme 6hjio em,e bt> saponin*. IIo.iohchmt>. Ho 
3to, Karcs hsb^ctho, He noMtmajio MapKcy Ha- 
^iaTBCfl, ^to 6ypacya3Hafl peBOJiioijia bi> TepMamH 
nocjiyacHTT) jihihb npoAotOMZ npoJiemapcKoii. Bbi bh- 
jjHTe: jiuuib npodoioMt, h Bce-TaKH Ha^,o noftjjep- 
acHBaTL 6ypmya3iio. Taia> o6ctohtl flfoio cb TaKi> 
Ha3HBaeMofi cxeMoft. 3to BOBce He cxeMa, a mc- 
modz — HanrL MaTepiaJiHCTHqecKift MeTO^ B'b ero 

HpHM^HeHiH KI> nOJIHTHK-fc. H MapKCL HpHM'feHflJI'B 

ero He tojilko ki> repMamn. Botx ^to ofb ro- 
bophtii o6i> Anrjiiw, ryfe Tor^anraaa 6ypacya3ia yace, 
KOHe^HO, He SHJia, no ero MHtmio, peBOJnon,ioHHofi: 
((^to pafioiie cmotphts, hmghho TaicB — npo#o.n- 

M&eTb OHT> Bl> CHOP* CL K. TeftHH.eHOM'B 3T0 6jie- 

CTanje ,noKa3ajin aHraiftcKie qapTHcra bo BpeMH 

HejjaBHHrO .HBHaceHifl HpOTHBB XJI'fegHHX'b 3aK0H0BI>. 
Hh O^HOfi MHHyTLI He B^pHJIH OHH H3MHIHJieHiHM'B 

h $aHTa3iaMi> 6ypjKya3HHx , L paftHicajiOB'b, hh Ha 
o^Hy MHHyTy He 0TKa3HBajincB ohh otb CBoeft 
6opl6h npoTiiBx hhxi>; ho ohh BnojiH-fe co3HaTejiBHO 
noMorajiH cbohmt. Bparanx o^epacaTL nofiifly Ha^i* 
TopiaMH; a Ha^pyroft ^eHB nocjii otm^hli xJitfiHUxi* 
saKOHOBi, Ha nojrfe 6htbli ctohjih apyn hpothbi, 
jipyra yace He Topin h (JpHTpeflepti, a $pHTpe^epti 
h ^apTHCTH. H nocji^nie 3aBoeBa;iH MicTa b^ 
napjiaMejiT* npoTHBi, 6ypmya3HLix , B ,o,eMOKpaTOB'B)>. 
TaKOBi* Memodz — noBTopaio ,, Memodz — a He cxeMa 
MapKca. Mbi empuu eMy. T. Po3a JlK)KceM6ypri> 
eMy usMTbumrm. 9to majiB. Tob. A6paMOBH*rb Ha- 
3BajiT> ee 6jiaHKHCTKoft. 9to He to^ho. Ea B3rjra^u 3to 

BCe-TaKH MapKCHSlVTb — 6jiaHKH3M r b Ha3,0 H.'fcjIHKOM'B OC- 
TaBHTB T.T. SOJTBHieBHKaM'L. H 3T0He ((OKaMeH^JIBlft)) 



\ 



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— 56 — 

MapKCH3Mi». 9to MapKCH3Mi» tumapuemiucn, yMmy- 
uuemiucn b% atapy peBOJiioijioHHofl: $pa3eojioriH. 
/ Tob. JTHfiepi* chpochjtb t. Po3y JIioKceM6ypr'B, 
^Ha KaKOM-B cTyjrf* oHa ch^htb. HaHBHBift BonpocB! 
j^T. Po3a JIioKceM6ypr r B He ch^hti, Ha CTyjrf*. OHa, 
( no#o6HO Pa$a3JieBoft Ma^OHHt, hochtch Ha 06- 
^jiaKax'B... oTpa.nHBix'B Me^Tamft (AnjioflHCMeHTBi). 
HaMi» roBopflTL: bh flfeiaeTe npojieTapiaT"& 
opyflieM'B 6ypacya3in. 9to cobc^mi, He b*pho. Mu 
drbjaeMZ Oypotcymm opydieMi npoMmapiama. IIpomJiH 
t6 BpeMeHa, Koiyja npojieTapiaTB cjiyHCHJTB opy.nieM'B 
6ypacya3in, MHHOBajra 6e3i> B03BpaTa. Tenept npo- 
jieTapiaTB aBJiaeTca JJeMiyproM'B Harnett peBOJiio- 
njoHHOft ^-feftcTBHTejibHOCTH. TenepB ohb — rjiaBHaa 
CHJia. H 3to ^aeT'B eMy oco6hh npaBa, 3to Hajia- 
raerc* Ha Hero ocoSbih o6a3aHHHOCTH. Terejit ro- 

BOpHTB B*B CBOeft <(<DHJIOCO<|)iH HCTOpiH)), *ITO Ha- 
P0,HT>, HBJIflH)in,iftCfl HOCHTeJieM'B BeJIHKOft HCTOpH- 

TOCKoft Hflen, MoateTt pa3CMaTpHBaTB Bet ffpyrie 
HapoflH, KaieB opy^ie ^jih ocynj,ecTBJieHifl ero Be- 
jiHKoft n.'fejni: ohb MoaterB TonTaTB hx'b HoraMH h 
Moaeerb ynoTpefijiaTB hxx, kslkl cpe^CTBa. Mbi 
ctohmt> He Ha Han,ioHajiBHoft, a Ha KJiaccoBoft 
TOUR'S 3p-feHifl. Ho h mh flyMaearB, ito npoJieTa- 
piaiTB, 3T0TTB HOCHTejiB BejiHKoft HfleH Haniero Bpe- 
MeHH, MoaceTB TonTaTB HoraMH Bee omo/cueiuee h 
nojiB30BaTBCfl Bcbwh cyvu,ecm6ymu,uMZ ,n,Jia CBoeft 

BeJIHKOft H,l3JIH. OHT> MOaceTt H OHB flOJDKeffB HO- 

CTynaTB Taira, h6o ohb Slijtb, eeTB h 6y%eTb rjiaB- 
hhmi ffBHraTejieM-B peBOjnou,iH b'b Hacroamee BpeMa! 

(AnJIO^HCMeHTH). 



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— 57 



3ac&AaHie 31 -e. 

(0 potionem czmdm). 

njiexaHOBt. ToBapnin,H! Mu pasenpaeMt 
cero^Hfl noHCTHH* opHTiraajiLHoe, Ka3ycHoe ft-fejio. 
nepe^i* fiaMH (jHrypHpyerL, bi> Ka^iecTBt no,n;cy- 
.HHMOft, H^ea pa6oHaio czmda. A cy,n,Left aBJiaeTca 
vbispp pocciftcKoft con.iajT^eMOKpaTinecKoft paSo^eft 
napTin. 9to nojiHTiraecKift napa^OKCt, o nponcxo- 
ac^emH KOToparo otohl ctohjio 6ei pacnpocTpaHHTBca* 
Kt> comaji'feHiio, y MeHa h£tb Ha 3to BpeMeHH. 51 
BHHyacfleHTb orpaHHWTBca pa3CMOTp-6meM r b H-fe- 

CKOJIBKHX'b ynpeKOB'L, fl'fejiaeMHX'B cl pa3Htix r b CTO- 

poffB Hameft yBaacaeMoft noflcy^HMoft. Eh o6bhhh- 

Tejin roBopaT'B: 0Ha po^HJiacB bo BpeMa yna^Ka 

ocBoSoflirrejiBHaro flBHatema. Bu, roBopaTB HaMi>, 

CTpeMHTecL h s^tcB BCTaTB Ha jierajiBHyio noray. 

Xopomt ynpeifL! SI yme 3ai<rfeTiui r b bt> o^Hoft H3i> 

cbohx'l npe^Hflym;HX'B p-frieft, *ito tojilko aHapxn- 

j cth MoryTL cTaBHTL bi> BHHy 3to CTpeMJieme one- 

| peTLca Ha 3aK0Ht. Ct Hameft to^ikh 3piraifl 3a- 

I koh'l, xotb HeMHoro o6jierqaK)in,ift flBHaeeme pa6o- 

1 ^aro KJiacca, ecTL .uparon^HHoe 3aBoeBame 3Toro 



X 



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/ 



— 58 — 

Kwiacca, h mh ne MoaceM'b, mh He viwbewb npaBa, 
npeHe6peraTi> no^oSHUMH 3aBoeBamHMH. AKcejib- 
po^ yace yKaaajrb sji^ch Ha to, Kuwb MapKCb h 

SHreJIbCT. flOpOSKHJIH B03M02KHOCTbK) HaflTH 3aK0H- 

Hyio onopy jyia pafioiaro jjBHJKema. Ho wb MapKcy 
h 9Hrejii>cy p*fe^o B03Bpaiu,aioTca mhcjilk) Hanm 
TOBapHiu,n, a ecjin h B03Bpam;aK)Tca ohh kt> hhmt,,, 
to He Bcer^a y r T,a*rao, Kaiei, 3to noKa3HBaeT'b npn- 
M^pij tob. Po3h JIioKceM6yprb, SI conuiiocb Ha 
iracaTejifl, cToani.aro 6mme Kb HaMi, bo BpeMeHH, 
Ha KayTCKaro. Bott> qTO iuicajrb ohs, HanieMy 
c.TOKrojibMCKOMy c r b , fe3 r a,y o 3HagemH JierajibHbix'b 
opraHH3an,ifi: 

«3a,naqH coBpeMeHHoft pyccKoft con,ia.p;eMO- 

KpaTiH, ^yMaeTCfl MHt, HMtlOT-L H^KOTopoe cxo;n- 
CTBO Ob T^MH 3aflaqaMH, KOTOpbTfl CTOflJIH Hpe.H.'b 
HaMH, aBCTpifiCKHMH COIliaJIHCiaMH, TpH fteCHTH- 

ji^Tia TOMy Ha3a^T». Kone^HO, Ha pa#y ct> qep- 

TaMH CXO^CTBa HM^IOTCH Ha JIHIXO H OTJIH^ifl BT> 

CHTyai^in. Ho uojiosKeme KameTca mh* cxojj- 

HHlTb BT> TOM'b OTHOmeHill, WTO II BT> ABCTpiH 

30 jrfcrb TOMy Hasa^L npaBHTe.iLCTBO jtfuiajio 

HeB03M03KHHM'b KaKyK) 6bT TO HH 6bTJIO HOJIHTH- 

^ecKyio opraHH3an,iio npojieTapiaTa, a Menc^y 
Thwh noTpefiHOCTb npojieTapiaTa Bt TaRoft 
opraHHsanin 6mia KpafiHe HacToaTejibHa. Koh- 
cnHpaTHBHaa opraHH3an,ia He Moraa 6bi oxBa- 
THTb Maccb, JierajibHaa — CbiJia HeB03M03KHa. 
"^to RM&Tb? 

«Mh coe,a,HHHJiH KOHcnHpaTHBHyio opraHH3a- 
n,iio vb .lerajibHofi. ToBapHnjH ocHOBbroaJiH co- 
BepnieHHO JierajibHO npo$eccioHajibHHe cok)3BI h 



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— 59 — 

SOJILHHraHH KaCCH. Ho BI> qjieHOB'L STHXt Op- 

raHH3Hii,ift ohh CTapajiHCL BnHTHBaTL cou.iaji^e- 
MOKpaTH^ecKift ftyx^. SarfeMt ynojraoMoqeHHEie 
STttXh opraHH3an,ift Ha^HHajiH TaflHO co6h- 

paTLCfl, H T&KKWh 06pa30MI> BI> KaJK^OMt M'feCT'fe 
06pa30BHBaJICfl KOHCnHpaTHBHHft KOJIJieKTIIBI), 

npeBpam,aBiuift bc* jierajiLHua opraHH3au,iH 
Bt opraHH e^iraaro nojiHTH^ecKaro opra- 
HH3Ma, ^tficTBOBaBniie e^iraoofipasHO h njiaHO- 

MtpHO. 

« CBH3B Mem^y OTft'fejIBHHMH MiCTHOCTflMH nOft- 

^epmHBajiacb BpeMa OTt BpemeHH TafiraiMH c r b , fe3- 
^aMH, HenpepHBHO ace — nojiHTiraecEoio esKeHe- 
^ijiLHOio rase'TOH). Ta3eTa 3Ta 6ujia He tojibko 
opraHOMi> nponaraHftij, ho h opyjyeM'b opraHH- 
3au,in. Bi. Eaac^OM'b m^ct^, tji$ cynjecTBOBajia 
napTifiHaa opraHH3auifl 5 pe^aKijm HMfoia CBoero 

KOppeCHOH^eHTa, KaKOBHM'B COCTOHJIO ^OB'fcpeH- 

Hoe jnm,o, ynojiHOMOieHHoe m^cthbimh TOBapn- 
m;aMH. TaKHMi, oepasoMi,, pejjaKHJa ijeHTpajiB- 
Haro opraHa CTajia u.eHTpajiBHHM'b nyHKTOMt, wh 
KOTopHfi cxo^hjihcl hhth Bceft opraHH3an,iH; pe- 
flaKIljfl CTaJia Jl.'fcftCTBHTeJIBHBIM'b pyKOBOftHTeJieM'b 

napTin. Eft 6mia ^B^oraa napTiftHaa 3KH3HB 

BVbXl* OT^'fejIBHBIX'b MiCTHOCTeft, OHa OTOBCIO^y 

nojiyqajia CB^taifl h cnpaBKH, ^aBajia Bcio^y 
cboh yKasama. Taicoft nojiHTH^ecKift opraHH3M , B ? 
He Hym^aBiniftca bt> oco6omt> TaftHOMt ycTaBfc, 
pa3BHBaBmiftca coBepmeHHo HenpnHyac^eHHO, caMi* 
co6or) ? 0Ka3ajica HenpHCTynHHMt h Hepa3pyniH- 

MUWb H BT> TO me BpeMfl #OCTaTO*fflO CHJIBHBIM'B 

fljia ycTaHOBJiema e^HHCTBa napriftHoft hojihthkh ^ 



\ 



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i 



— 60 — 

no Bceft CTpafffe. 

((TaKi>, BonpeKH 3anpemeHiio nojiHTircecKoft 
opraHH3an,iH, 6hun> co3j&wb napTiftmbift opra- 

HH3MT>, BB KOTOpOMT> 6HJIH 0praHH30BaHEI MaCCBI. 

JlerajiBHafl npecca h jierajiBHHa 3KOHoaorae- 
CKia opraHH3an,iH npojieTapiaTa 6bijih flonoji- 
HeHH KOHcnHpaTHBHHMi> annapaToarB h, Ta- 
khmt> o6pa30MTb, Hcnojib30BaHH fljifl o6pa30Ba- 
Hia napTiH». 

HTaK-B, eCJIH CtfeflB flBHTCH HOBHM'B maroarb 

no nyTH Jievajm3&u,m pafio^aro flBHacema, to 
GoflTBca 3Toro — snvmwrb Bna^aTB bt> aHapxn3Mi>. 

^ajrfee. HaMt KpHqaTi>: Bama n^ea yTonnraa. 
Bh coSnpaeTe pa6o^ift clIkhl, *ito6h ohb noMort 
Bant h33khtb BaniH $paKii,ioHHHH pacnpn. 9to 
CRasajii tob. JlnfiepB. Cero^HainHaa p-frn> t. JIh- 
6epa 6mia ? icb coacajorifcHJio, ^ajieKO He H3t Jiy*i- 
nraxt ero p^eft. Ecjih 6bi jho^h, cl 6ojrfee hjih 
MeH-fee hojihhm'l npaBOMi* npe^cTaBJiaiomie 6ojrfee 
co3HaTejiBHHft cjioft npojieTapiaTa, npnnuiH kb Me- 
H-6e co3HaTejiBHHM , B cjioaMi* h CKa3ajiH hmt>: «no- 
MHpHTe Haci>! npeKpaTHTe Hanra pacnpnb), to 3to, 
pa3yMieTca, 6bijio 6u cm^uiho h Hejrfeno. Ho flfeio 

oSCTOHTB COBCfeMTB He TaRt: He S&TkWb XOTHBTB MH 

co3BaTB paSo^ift vblsajp*. J^jib HacB oht> Sy^eTB 
jraniB oftHHMT) usiy npoaBJiemft caModrbnmeJibHOcmii 
npojiemapiama. TenepB, Kor^a nopBajiacB Ta u$uh, 
KOTopaa CKOBHBajia bt> Te^eme b , 6kob'b Hacejieme 
pocciftcKOft HMnepin, Bee 3aineBeJiHJiocB, Bee npnnmo 
bt> ^BHJKeme; cofinpaiOTca Ha cb133,h,h flBopaHe, 
co6npaeTca ToproBO - npoMHOJieHHaa 6ypmya3ia. 



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ff: 

*•*■ - 6i - 

;; Ho^eiiy rae He cofipaTBca npoaeTapiaTy? H nowMy 

. . HaMt He nocTaBHTB Ha ero oCcyac^eHie to, ^ra 

[ r JIaccajiB Ha3Bajrb H#eeft pafio^aro cocaoBia? By^B* 

f Te yBtpeHH, TOBapnmH, *rro eejra BCTaHerB nepe^i* 

jt&Govmrb cbisjiflWb 3Ta H#ea ? to ohb p-femmrB ee 

jMb con.iaji^eMOKpaTH^ecKOMB CMBicjrfe. H 3to 6y- 

jsfiTh orpoMHHM'B niaroMi* Bnepe^i*, o.h.hhm'b hst* 

Tfcxt maroB'B, no noBO^y kotophxt> MapKCB ro- 

bophji'b, ^to Kaat^Bift H3T> hhxi, BaacHte i^inoft 

#ioacHHH nporpaMMT>. Ho 3to-to, Kaici, SynTO, h 

nyraeT'B BacB. Bh BH,HHTe b^, ck&3a£ nonHTKy 

pa3pynmTB Hamy napTiio. Si caarB ropaqo B03CTaHy 

IipOTHB-B BCflKOft HOnBITKH pa3pyfflHTB, ynpa3,n,HHTB 

Hamy napTiio. Y Hea 6bijio MHoro oniHeoiCB, ho y 
Hea ropa3flO SojiBiue 3acjiyFB h OHa flojiaoia cy- 
iH;ecTBOBaTB b^, HHTepecaxi* ^ajiBHtftmaro pa3BHTia 

InpojieTapiaTa. Ho OHa He ,n;ojiacHa M-femaTB pocTy 
ero caMO^iaTejiBHOCTH, a Bama onno3Hn,ia pa6o- 
^eMy ciAs^y HMeHHO M'femaeT'B 3T0My pa3BHTiio. 
Bama pe30JiK)u,ia roBopnrB, ^to n^eio paSo^aro 
ct^^a momcho o6eyac,n;aTB bi> opraHaxi> napTiftHoft 
ne^iaTH, ho Hejn>3a arHTHpoBaTB 3a Hee bt. uinpo- 
khx'b Maccaxx. 

JI npeKpacHO 3Haio, ^to Taira Ha3HBaeMua 
onacHHa H^en onacHH, HMeHHO, Toiyja, Kor,n;a oh* 
pacnpocTpaHaioTca bt> mnpoKHxi) Maccaxi*. Ho co- 
u.iajifteMOKpaTia He flOJiacHa 6ohtbch inHpoKHxi> 
MaccT>. MaHH^ecrB KOMMyHHCTnqecKofl napTin ro- 
bophtt> ? *ito npojieTapiaTi* He MoaceTT> bhiiphmhtbch, 
He MoaceTB nomeBejiHTBca 6e3T> Toro, ^to6bi He 
3aTpem;ajia no BcfevrB mBaM-B bch B03BBimaioni,aaca 
Ha.n.'B hmm^ o6m,ecTBeHHaa Ha^CTpotea. HeyacejiH 



-j 



flfcu. 



— 62 — 

me HauiT, npojieTapiarL He MoaceTt flBHHyTBca, 
He MorneT^ nouieBejiHTLCfl 6e3i> Toro, *ito6h ne 
nepenyrajiact, He npHiujia Bt 3aarfemaTejii>CTB0 
pocciflcKafl con,iaji^eMOKpaTHqecKaa pa6o^aa nap- 
Tia?! 9to Sbijio 6h cjhiihkom'b nenajiBHoL (Ahjio- 

flHCMeHTfcl). 



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— 63 — 

Pe30/iK)uifl MocKOBCKaro OnpywHoro KoMHTeTa no noBOAy 
foe AyMbi, npHH^Tan nepeA* OTKpwrieirb nocjifcAHefi. 

I. Cmrraa r. J{. opyflieMi> peaKn,ioHHBiXB 3aMBi- 
^jiobb npaBHTejibCTBa h npinraMaa bo BHHMame, 
Tito, HecMOTpa na 3to, JfyMa aBaaeTca cocpesoTO- 

^ieM'B KOHCTHTyijiOHHBIXB VLJlJUOSlH rpOMa^HBIXB 

cjioeBT> Hacejiema h Ha^eatftB Ha iuiipoKia conjajiB- 
HHfl h noJiHTHqecKia pe^opMH, mh nojiaraeMB, ^to 
TaKoe npoTHBoptnie ' bo B3rjra,a;axB Ha flyMy npa- 

BHTeJILCTBa H HapOfla flOJDKHO CJiyiKHTB nOBO^OMB 

,a;jifl npeBpanjema ,3,} 7 mbi bb opy^ie peBOJuonjoHH- 
3HpoBamH mapoKHxt MaccB Hacejiema, He3aBHCHM0 
otb Toro, BCTynHTt jih flyMa bb koh^jihrtb cb npa- 
BHTeJIBCTBOMB HJJH, OCTaBaHCB bt> paMKax'B jierajiBHoft 
jVfcaTeaBHOCTH, Sy^eTB cjiyiKwrh ufejinwb peaKijiH. 

II. HpHSHaBaa, *rro flyMa ^ojiacHa aBJiaTBca opy- 
#ieMB peBOJnon,ioHH3HpoBaHia hihpokhxb cjioeBB 
Hacejiema, mu c*raTaeMB CBoeft 3a,n;a*ieft hciiojib3o- 
BaTL ,fl,yMy ,a;jia fleMOHCTpiipoBania nojmoft Hecno- 
coShocth n,apcKaro npaBHTejiBCTBa ^aTB CTpaH* 
ftMCTBHTeJlBHO fleMOKpaTHqecKift peamM'B H flJia 
^OKasaTejiBCTBa HeoSxo^HMOCTH HeMeftJiemiaro co- 
3BiBa Yqpe^HTejiBHaro CoSpama. 

III. IIpH3HaBaa, ^to cym,ecTByiomift $HHaHC0BBift 
h npoMHiHJieHHBrft KPH3HCB qpeBaT^ Hencqepnae- 
mbimh Si^TBiaMH .pa Hacejiema, *ito no#BeMB 

X03aftCTBeHHHXB CHJTB B*B CTpaH* 06yCJI0BJieHB HO- 

fifc^oft jjeMOKpaTin; ^to BcaKaa HeptinHTeJiBHOCTB 
nocTaHOBKH bb ^yM* BonpocoBB HacToanj,aro no- 
jiHTH^ecKaro MOMeHTa 3aTarHBaerB pa3pimieHie 
Kpn3Hca; ^to BcaKaa 3aTaacKa KpH3Hca co3flae r r r B 



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- 64 — 

em,e 6ojrfee Taacejioe noaoaceme, em,e cnjiBH'fee 060- 
CTpaera yacacH 6e3pa6oTHn,u h rojio,n;oBKH, mm 
cmrraeM'B CBoeft sa^a^eft HanpaBHTB 6opi>6y o6m,e- 
CTBeHHuxTb chjtb TaKHMi ofipasoMTb, too6h npn- 
Hy^HTL flyMy ptmHTejiBHO BHCKasaTBca no Bonpo- 
cajfL coBpeMeHHaro nojiHTH^ecKaro noaoacema k 

T'feM'B CaMBIflfL KaKTE, BHflCHHTB HCTHHHBjft XapaK- 

Tepi> HaMtpemft npaBHTejiBCTBa, TaicB h Hecnoco6- 
hoctb flyMH kx nojioacHTejiBHoft TBopqecKoft pa- 
6ot6; o^hhm'b H3i> r.iaBHBix'B cpe^cTBfc ^Jia 3Toro 
mbi c^HTaeMi* ocoSna nojiHTH*iecKia BHCTynjieHia 
no noBo,n;y rfex'B hjih hhbix'b coBpeMeHHHX'B Ji03yH- 
roB'B, npiypo^eHHua wb o6cy3K,n,eHiK) B'B JtyMl* co- 

OTB'feTCTBeHHHX'B BOnpOCOB'B. 

IV. IIpH3HaBaa, tto Bcanaa jierajiBHaa fliaTejiB- 

HOCTB B'B flyMt MOJKeTB COBepmaTBCa JIHmB B'B 

npefltnax'B cjiyacema peaKu,in, mbi 6yseMT> pa3CMa- 
TpHBaTB BcaKyio nonHTKy pa6oTH bi, npe.n'fe^ax'B 
nojioacenia rocy^apcTBeHHOft flyMt, KaKi> 3aro- 
Bopi, npoTHBT> Hapo^a h peBOJnoijin. 



3Ta pe30Jnou,ia - Ha^o otj^tb eft cnpaBe^JiH- 
boctb — HanHca^ ^obojibho TaKH 6e3rpaMOTHo. Ofl- 
HaKo, co^epacame 3Toft, ^obojibho TaKH 6e3rpaM0T- 
Hofl, pe30Jnou,iH otohb acHO B'B tom'b OTHomemH, 
^to ea HHKaicB HejiB3a npiypo^HTB kb Eyjuiimcuou 

J^JWb. KTO 3Ke H3T> 60HBineBHK0B r B CTHTaJFB B03M03K- 

hbimt, HcnojiB30BaTB ByjiurHHCKyio ^yMy, KaKi» «opy- 
,a,ie peBOJnonioHH3HpoBaHia ihhpokhx'b cjioeBT* Ha- 
cejieHiaw? tblkb CTajin cmotp^tb tojibko nocjrfc 
CTOKrojiBMa. 



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TMnorpc<J:ifl ^renaTHwA CTaKOK>» Yji. Dwhkh. 



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14 DAY USE 

n JlL raOM WHICH BORROWED 
RETURN TO DESK FROM 

LOAN DEPT. 

UVn" sta mped below, or 

This book is <£^%S"«£«&I. 

on the date to diate recall. 

Renewed books are sut 

20Jan'57Bj_ 



REC'D L.O 



JAL 

ill 



SL 



t r> 2l-100m-6,'56 



General Libra 



University 



of Ca' 



Berkele} 



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U.C. BERKELEY LIBRARIES 

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M303174 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA UBRARY